Comparison of Incorporation of Na via In-situ and Ex-situ Modes for the Realization of Device Quality CIGSe Thin Films

  • Parul Chawla
  • Son Singh
  • Parth Vashishtha
  • Suresh Chand
  • Shailesh N. Sharma
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Essentiality of Na incorporation into the CIGSe films is required in order to have highly crystalline films along with grain boundaries’ passivation. Our work focuses on comparison of two different methods to ensure the optimized sodium incorporation into the film to obtain device-quality material and thus high conversion efficiencies.

Keywords

CIGSe Na Doping In-situ Ex-situ 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parul Chawla
    • 1
  • Son Singh
    • 2
  • Parth Vashishtha
    • 2
  • Suresh Chand
    • 1
  • Shailesh N. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.CSIR-Network of Institutes for Solar EnergyNational Physical LaboratoryNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of NanotechnologyNoidaIndia

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