Studies on Structural Parameters of ZrO2–SnO2 Binary System

  • Saruchi Surbhi
  • Sushil KumarEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Nanocrystalline powders of ZrO2–SnO2 system with molar ratio 0.75/0.25 were prepared at room temperature by sol–gel wet chemical route. The as-prepared samples were annealed at 500, 700 and 850 °C for 3 h. Structural parameters of annealed powdered samples were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The crystallite size was calculated using Debye–Scherrer formula as well as Williamson-Hall relation and then compared. Other structural parameters such as lattice parameters, micro-strain, dislocation density and activation energy were also estimated. The functional groups present in the samples were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR).


Nanocrystalline material Sol–gel route Structural parameters 


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Authors are thankful to University Grants Commission, New Delhi for financial assistance in the form of major research project.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science Laboratory, Department of PhysicsChaudhary Devi Lal UniversitySirsaIndia

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