Graphite Based Sensor for LPG and CO Detection

  • Prashant Shukla
  • Nitin Bhardwaj
  • Vasuda Bhatia
  • Vinod Kumar Jain
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


One of the top design priorities for gas sensors is developing simple, low-cost, sensitive and reliable sensors to be built in handheld portable devices. The present paper deals with the fabrication technique and sensing mechanism of a novel room temperature sensor for detection and quantification of highly inflammable Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Carbon monoxide gas at room temperature. The detection of the presence of LPG and CO gas is based on the fact that the resistance of the sensing material of the device changes drastically when exposed to LPG and CO uniquely. This sensor is highly sensitive, repeatable, cost effective, portable, flexible and water proof; very less response as well as degassing time, simple fabrication technique, requires no extra dopants and can easily measure the leakage of LPG and CO as low as 80 ppm at ambient conditions. The fabricated graphite film sensors for the detection of LPG and CO gas have several advantages over conventional metal oxide sensors such as reduced size, low power consumption, room temperature operation and flexibility.


Graphite Nano-composite Sensor ppm Sensitivity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



Author(s) express immense gratitude to the Founder President, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Dr Ashok K. Chauhan for being the continuous source of inspiration and encouragement.


  1. 1.
    D.P. Mishra and A. Rahman, Fuel, 82, 863–866 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. T. Omaye, Toxicology, 180 (2), 139–150 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Tikuisis, D. M. Kane, T. M. McLellan, F. Buick and S. M. Fairburn, Journal of Applied Physiology 72 (4), 1311–9 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chengxiang Wang, Longwei Yin, Luyuan Zhang, Dong Xiang and Rui Gao, Sensors, 10, 2088-2106 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Korotcenkov, Materials Science and Engineering:B 139, 1-23 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Gopel and K. D. Scherbaum, Sensors and Actuators B, 26, 1–12 (1995).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. R. Shinde, T. P. Gujar and C. D. Lokhande, Sensors and Actuators B, 120, 551–559 (2007).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Barsan, M. Schweizer-Berberich, and W. Göpel, Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 365, 287-304 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. Kumar, S. K. Srivastava and K. Jain, Sensors & Transducors Journal, 101, 60–72 (2009).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Satyanarayana, C. V. Gopal Reddy, S. V. Manorama and V. J. Rao, Sensors and Actuators B, 46, 1–7 (1998).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wan Johari Wan Hanapi, Theis entitled ‘Room Temperature Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) Sensor based on p-La2O3/n-Fe2O3’ Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 2008.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. S. Dhawale, R. R. Salunkhe, U. M. Patil, K.V. Gurav, A. M. More, C. D. Lokhande, Sensors and Actuators B 134, 988 (2008).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Prashant Shukla, Vikesh Gaur, Nitin Bhardwaj, Vasuda Bhatia and Vinod Kumar Jain, Sensor for LPG and CO detection at room temperature and method for preparation thereof, Date of Submission to Patent Office-20/03/2012, Patent Application No. 748/DEL/2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prashant Shukla
    • 1
  • Nitin Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • Vasuda Bhatia
    • 1
  • Vinod Kumar Jain
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity Institute for Advanced Research and Studies (Materials and Devices)Amity UniversitySector-125, NoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations