Sensitivity Analysis of Load-Frequency Control of Power System Using Gravitational Search Algorithm

  • Rabindra Kumar Sahu
  • Umesh Kumar Rout
  • Sidhartha Panda
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 247)


This paper investigates the sensitivity analysis of load-frequency control for multi area power system based Proportional Integral Derivative controller with derivative Filter (PIDF) by Gravitational Search algorithm (GSA). At first, a two area non reheat thermal system without physical constraints is considered. A modified objective function which includes ITAE, damping ratio of dominant eigenvalues, settling times of frequency and peak overshoots with appropriate weight coefficients is proposed. Further, the proposed objective function is extended to a more realistic power system model by considering the physical constraints such as reheat turbine, Generation Rate Constraint (GRC) and Governor Dead Band nonlinearity. Finally the robustness of the system is verified, with operating load condition and time constants of speed governor, turbine, tie-line power are changed from their nominal values in the range of +50% to -50% in steps of 25%. It is observed that the proposed controllers are robust and perform satisfactorily for a wide range of the system parameters and operating load conditions.


Load Frequency Control (LFC) Proportional Integral Derivative controller with derivative Filter (PIDF) Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) Sensitivity Analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rabindra Kumar Sahu
    • 1
  • Umesh Kumar Rout
    • 1
  • Sidhartha Panda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringVeer Surendra Sai University of Technology (VSSUT)BurlaIndia

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