Interactive Ensembles of Imperfect Models: Lorenz 96 System
Contemporary numerical weather prediction schemes are based on ensemble forecasting. Ensemble members are obtained by taking different (perturbed) models started with different initial conditions. We introduce one type of improved model that represents interactive ensemble of individual models. The improved model’s performance is tested with the Lorenz 96 toy model. One complex model is considered as reality, while its imperfect models are taken to be structurally simpler and with lower resolution. The improved model is defined as one with tendency that is weighted average of the tendencies of individual models. The weights are calculated from past observations by minimizing the average difference between the improved model’s tendency and that of the reality. It is numerically verified that the improved model has better ability for short term prediction than any of the individual models.
KeywordsDiffusive Coupling Atmospheric Model Individual Model Climate Projection Numerical Weather Prediction
This work was partially supported by project ERC Grant # 266722 (SUMO project).
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