The assessment of the environmental impact of refugee and displaced persons’ settlements is examined, including the use of environmental impact assessments. Examples from settlements around the world are compared and contrasted, looking at different types of settlement, including informal and state-imposed. Both positive and negative environmental impacts are discussed, and example given of where the presence of incoming populations has actually improved certain environmental factors. The focus then turns to studies of the settlements on the Myanmar–Thai border, assessing what environmental impact there has been, who caused it and how and what effects there have been on local populations.
KeywordsBurmese refugees Environmental impact assessment Refugee settlements Forest management Local communities
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