Observing Integration Processes in European R&D Networks: A Comparative Spatial Interaction Approach Using Project Based R&D Networks and Co-patent Networks

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)

Abstract

This study focuses on integration processes in European R&D by analyzing the spatio-temporal dimension of two different R&D collaboration networks across Europe. These networks cover different types of knowledge creation, namely co-patent networks and project based R&D networks within the EU Framework Programmes (FPs). Integration in European R&D – one of the main pillars of the EU Science Technology and Innovation (STI) policy – refers to the harmonisation of fragmented national research systems across Europe and to the free movement of knowledge and researchers. The objective is to describe and compare spatio-temporal patterns at a regional level, and to estimate the evolution of separation effects over the time period 1999–2006 that influence the probability of cross-region collaborations in the distinct networks under consideration. The study adopts a spatial interaction modeling perspective, econometrically specifying a panel generalized linear model relationship, taking into account spatial autocorrelation among flows by using Eigenfunction spatial filtering methods. The results show that geographical factors are a lower hurdle for R&D collaborations in FP networks than in co-patent networks. Further it is shown that the geographical dynamics of progress towards more integration is higher in the FP network.

Keywords

Spatial Autocorrelation Collaboration Network Knowledge Flow European Patent Office Separation Variable 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been funded by the FWF Austrian Science Fund (Project No. P21450). We are grateful to Manfred M. Fischer (Vienna University of Economics) and Michael Barber (AIT) for valuable comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Lata
    • 1
  • Thomas Scherngell
    • 1
  • Thomas Brenner
    • 2
  1. 1.Innovation Systems DepartmentAIT Austrian Institute of TechnologyViennaAustria
  2. 2.Economic Geography and Location ResearchPhilipps University MarburgMarburgGermany

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