Network Formation and Geography: Modelling Approaches, Underlying Conceptions, Recent and Promising Extensions

  • Corinne Autant-Bernard
  • Çilem Selin Hazir
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


Due to the strong polarisation of economic activities in space and rise in collaborative behaviour, increasing attention has recently been devoted to the relationship between geography and network formation. The studies conducted on this topic reveal a high variation in terms of methodologies. Putting special emphasis on R&D networks, the aim of this chapter is to review the different methods and assess their ability to address the issues raised by the relationship between network and space. We first discuss the different facets of the relationship between geography and networks. Then, we detail the methodological approaches and their capability to test each effect of geography on network formation. We argue that the effect of distance on dyads have received the major attention so far, but the development of block modelling and top-down approaches opens new research perspectives on how distance or location might affect formation of more complex structures. Moreover, recent improvement in temporal models also offers opportunities to better separate spatial effects from that of influence over time.


Network Formation Physical Distance Social Locale Spatial Econometric Graph Theoretic Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement no. 266834.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corinne Autant-Bernard
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Çilem Selin Hazir
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Université de LyonLyonFrance
  2. 2.Université Jean MonnetSaint-EtienneFrance
  3. 3.CNRS, GATE Lyon Saint-EtienneEcullyFrance

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