The Structure and Geography of Collaboration Networks in the European GNSS Industry
The concentration and dispersion of innovative activities in space have been largely evidenced by the nature of knowledge and the geographical extent of knowledge spillovers. One of the empirical challenges is to go beyond this by understanding how the geography of innovation is shaped by particular structural properties of R&D collaboration networks. This paper contributes to this challenge focusing on the case of global navigation satellite systems at the European level. We exploit a database of R&D collaborative projects based on the fifth and sixth EU Framework Programs, and apply social network analysis. We study the properties both of the network of organisations and the network of collaborative projects. We show that the nature of the knowledge involved in relationships influences the geographical and structural organisations of the technological field. The observed coexistence of a relational core/periphery structure with a geographical cluster/pipeline one is discussed in the light of the industrial and geographical dynamics of technological standards.
KeywordsGlobal Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Technological Field Knowledge Spillover Collaboration Network
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