Who Decides? Actors and Their Resources

  • Bruno Dente
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


In public policy analysis the actors and their behaviours represent the core of any possible theoretical model. The analysis therefore starts with the definition of the actor and by a presentation of the different goals he can pursue. Then the types of resources used in the interaction are specified and this makes it possible to classify the actors into five groups. After a presentation of the different roles the actors can play in the process the attention is shifted to the decisional networks and to their different properties.


Policy actors Resources Networks Complexity 


  1. Barca, F.: An Agenda for a Reformed Cohesion Policy. (2009)
  2. Coleman, J.S.: Introduction to Mathematical Sociology. Free Press, New York (1964)Google Scholar
  3. Coletti, P.: Evidence for Public Policy DesignHow to Learn from Best Practice. Macmillan Pivot, London (2013)Google Scholar
  4. Dente, B.: The law as a policy resource: some scattered thoughts. In: Narath, S., Varone, F. (eds.) Rediscovering Public Law and Public Administration in Comparative Policy Analysis: a Tribute to Peter Knoepfel, pp. 33–44. PPUR/Haupt Verlag, Lausanne (2009)Google Scholar
  5. Dente, B., Knoepfel, P., Lewanski, R., Mannozzi, S., Tozzi, S.: Il controllo dell’inquinamento atmosferico in Italia: analisi di una politica regolativa. Roma, Officina (1984)Google Scholar
  6. Hanneman, R.A., Riddle, M.: Introduction to social network methods. (2005)
  7. Hjern, B., Hull, C.: Implementation research as empirical constitutionalism. Eur. J. Polit. Res. 10, 105–115 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Irving, J.: The Hotel New Hampshire. Dutton, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  9. Kingdon, J.W.: Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. Little Brown, Boston (1984)Google Scholar
  10. Lindblom, C.E., Cohen, D.K.: Usable Knowledge: Social Science and Social Problem Solving. Yale University Press, New Haven (1979)Google Scholar
  11. Majone, G.: Evidence, Argument and Persuasion in the Policy Process. Yale University Press, New Haven (1989)Google Scholar
  12. March, J.C., Olsen, J.P.: Rediscovering Institutions: The Organizational Basis of Politics. Free Press, New York (1989)Google Scholar
  13. Marin, B., Maintz, R. (eds.): Policy Networks—Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Considerations. Westview Press-Campus Verlag, Frankfurt-Boulder (1991)Google Scholar
  14. Marks, G., Hooghe, L.: Unraveling the Central State, but how? Types of multi-level governance. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 97(2), 233–243 (2003)Google Scholar
  15. Niskanen, W.A.: Bureaucracy and Representative Government. Aldine Atherton, Chicago (1971)Google Scholar
  16. Nowotny, H.: In Search of Usable Knowledge: Utilization Contexts and the Application of Knowledge. Westview Press-Campus Verlag, Frankfurt-Boulder (1990)Google Scholar
  17. Parris, H.: Constitutional Bureaucracy: The Development of British Central Administration since the Eighteen Century. George Allen and Unwin, London (1969)Google Scholar
  18. Rhodes, R.A.W.: Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity and Accountability. Open University Press, Buckingam (1997)Google Scholar
  19. Righettini, M.S., Tassone, E.: La politica di tutela dei dati personali e la sua istituzionalizzazione—Dieci anni di vita del Garante (1997–2007). In: Dente, B., Lugaresi, N., Righettini, M.S. (eds.) La politica della privacy tra tutela dei diritti e garanzia dei sistemi, pp. 141–209. Passigli Editore, Firenze-Antella (2009)Google Scholar
  20. Scharpf, F.W.: Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centered Institutionalism in Policy Research. Westview Press, Boulder (1997)Google Scholar
  21. Schneider, V., Werle, R.: Policy Networks in German Telecommunication Domain. In: Marin, B., Maintz, R. (eds.) Policy networks—empirical evidence and theoretical considerations, pp. 97–136. Westview Press-Campus Verlag, Frankfurt-Boulder (1991)Google Scholar
  22. Weber, M.: Wirschaft und Geselleschaft. Mohr, Tubingen (1922)Google Scholar
  23. Weiss, C.: Using Social Research in Public Policy Making. Lexington Books, Lanham (1977)Google Scholar
  24. Weiss, C.: Social Science Research and Decision-Making. Columbia University Press, New York (1980)Google Scholar
  25. Wildavsky, A.: Choosing preferences by constructing institutions: a cultural theory of preference formation. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 81(1), 3–22 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations