Advertisement

Simulation Model for Vehicle and Pedestrian Interaction Considering Road Crossing Activities

  • Bruno R. Werberich
  • Carlos O. Pretto
  • Helena B. B. Cybis
Conference paper

Abstract

This paper addresses the pedestrian road-crossing modeling problem. The model presented in this paper has been devised to provide a sound representation of interaction among pedestrians and a more realistic approach for interaction between pedestrians and vehicles. The present research proposes the analysis of two different pedestrian crossing behaviors. One crossing behavior considers a fixed area for pedestrians cross a road. The second one considers pedestrians searching for a gap while walking on the sidewalk. This paper presents the analysis of 180 simulations, considering 18 different parameters settings. From the results of the present research, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows that both variables, average headway of vehicles and pedestrian behavior, were statistically significant.

Keywords

Pedestrian crossings Pedestrian behavior Agent simulation 

References

  1. 1.
    Chae, K.. Simulation of pedestrian-vehicle interactions at roundabouts. PhD Thesis, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, United States of America, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chu, X., M. Guttenplan and M. Baltes. Why people cross where they do: The role of the street environment. Transportation Research Record, v. 1878, 2004, p. 3–10.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Himanen, V., & Kulmala, R. (1988). An application of logit models in analysing the behaviour of pedestrians and car drivers on pedestrian crossings. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 20(3), 187–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sun, D., Ukkusuri, S. V. S. K., Benekohal, R. F., Waller, S. T. (2003). Modeling of motorist-pedestrian interaction at uncontrolled mid-block crosswalks. In Proceedings of the 82nd TRB annual meeting, transportation research board, Washington, 2003.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Diaz, E. M. (2002). Theory of planned behaviour and pedestrians’ intentions to violate traffic regulations. Transportation Research Part F, 5, 169–175. Evans, D., & Norman, P. (1998). Understanding pedestrians’ road crossing decisions: An application of the theory of planned behaviour. Health Education Research, 13(4), 481–489.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bernhoft, I. M., & Carstensen, G. (2008). Preferences and behaviour of pedestrians and cyclists by age and gender. Transportation Research Part F, 11, 83–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Papadimitriou, E., Yannis, G., & Golias, J. (2009). A critical assessment of pedestrian behaviour models. Transportation Research Part F, 12(3), 242–255. Sarkar, S. (1995). Evaluation of safety for pedestrians at macro- and microlevels in urban areas. Transportation Research Record No 1502.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rouphail, N. M. 1984. “Midblock crosswalks: a user compliance and preference study”. Transportation Research Record, No. 959, p.41–47.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pretto, C. O.; Cybis, H. B. B. . Modeling Pedestrian movement on road-crossing environment. 12th World Conference on Transport Research, Lisboa, 2010.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pretto, C. O.; Jacobsen, A. C.; Cybis, H. B. B. . A multi-layer simulation model for vehicle and pedestrian. 90th Anual Meeting Transportation Research Board, v. 1. p. 1–15, Washington, 2011.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hoogendoorn, S., Bovy, P., Daamen, W. Microscopic pedestrian wayfinding and dynamics modelling. In: Schreckenberg, M., Sharma, S. (Eds.), Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 123–155, 2002.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Löhner, R. On the modeling of pedestrian motion. Applied Mathematical Modelling, n.34, p.366–382, 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno R. Werberich
    • 1
  • Carlos O. Pretto
    • 1
  • Helena B. B. Cybis
    • 1
  1. 1.Production Engineering DepartmentFederal University of Rio Grande do Sul – UFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil

Personalised recommendations