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A Strategy and a Toolkit to Realize System Integration of Sustainable Development (SISD)


A chain of action research programs on education for sustainable development (ESD) has delivered a coherent strategy to integrate SD into higher education. Based on the ‘tree metaphor’ for education, a range of tools was developed and applied, e.g., the ESD Checklist, RESFIA+D for SD competences, an introductory textbook, the SD Curriculum Scan, and the AISHE assessment tool plus the ESD Certificate. Together, they enable a university to realize ‘SISD’, i.e., ‘System Integration of Sustainable Development.’The ESD strategy and its toolbox is described, and illustrated through a number of cases.


  • ESD
  • Tree model
  • Sustainable development
  • University mission
  • ESD checklist
  • Graduation profile
  • SD competences
  • Fundamentals of SD
  • Curriculum scan
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Transdisciplinary
  • Assessment
  • Certification
  • System integration
  • SISD
  • Sustainably competent professionals
  • Pledge

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Roorda, N. (2013). A Strategy and a Toolkit to Realize System Integration of Sustainable Development (SISD). In: Caeiro, S., Filho, W., Jabbour, C., Azeiteiro, U. (eds) Sustainability Assessment Tools in Higher Education Institutions. Springer, Cham.

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