Modern Methods of Monitoring Radiological Contamination of Water Reservoirs

  • O. Korostynska
  • A. Mason
  • S. Ikezawa
  • A. I. Al-Shamma’a
Part of the Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation book series (SSMI, volume 7)


Radiation contamination of water can occur due to natural or man-made sources and events. Although periodical monitoring of water quality takes place in most regulated water reservoirs, the tragic events like Chernobyl and Fukushima and the potential threat of intentional contamination of water justify the need for the development of novel real-time monitoring methods that would alert the authorities or public if the permissible level of radiation in water reservoir is exceeded. This book chapter focuses on the most common sources of radiological contamination of water; it reviews the current regulatory approach to the measurement of such contamination and critically discusses the advantages and limitations of traditional laboratory based methods of water samples analysis as compared to novel emerging technologies that could be potentially implemented into online monitoring system for continuous verification of water quality and safety.


Radiation contamination Water quality monitoring Real-time analysis Gamma ray scintillation counters Plasma-mass spectrometry Environmental monitoring platform 



We would like to acknowledge the support of DAIWA Anglo-Japanese Foundation for providing a grant to visit Japan Ref. 9050/9942 to assess the current methods of monitoring the radiological contamination of water sources. This work is also in part financially supported by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme through the FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IEF Marie-Curie Action project 275201, Water-Spotcheck.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Korostynska
    • 1
  • A. Mason
    • 1
  • S. Ikezawa
    • 2
  • A. I. Al-Shamma’a
    • 1
  1. 1.Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies (BEST) Research InstituteLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Graduate School of Information Production and SystemsWaseda UniversityKitakyushuJapan

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