A Physical Model of the Human Circulatory System for the Modeling, Control and Diagnostic of Cardiac Support Processes

Abstract

This study discusses the concept of building and capabilities of the physical model of the cardiovascular system, which will be used for research of the heart support processes. The paper describes the functionality of the system and the data acquisition configuration necessary for the purposes of assist devices modeling, control algorithms development and testing, as well as for implementation of support processes diagnostics. Exemplary hardware for elements representing the selected components of the circulatory system, is presented. Selected measurement devices and methods of pathological conditions modeling are described.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Westerhof, N., Lankhaar, J.W., Westerhof, B.E.: The arterial Windkessel. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 47(2), 131–141 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Frank, O.: On the dynamics of cardiac muscle. American Heart Journal 58(2), 282–317 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pantalos, G.M., Koenig, S.C., Gillars, K.J., Giridharan, G.A., Ewert, D.L.: Characterization of an adult mock circulation for testing cardiac support devices. ASAIO Journal 50(1), 37–46 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Timms, D.L., Gregory, S.D., Greatrex, N.A., Pearcy, M.J., Fraser, J.F., Steinseifer, U.: A compact mock circulation loop for the in vitro testing of cardiovascular devices. Artificial Organs 35(4), 384–391 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Legendre, D., Fonseca, J., Andrade, A., Biscegli, J.F., Manrique, R., Guerrino, D., Lucchi, J.C.: Mock circulatory system for the evaluation of left ventricular assist devices, endoluminal prostheses, and vascular diseases. Artificial Organs 32(6), 461–467 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, Y., Allaire, P., Wu, Y., Wood, H., Olsen, D.: Construction of an artificial heart pump performance test system. Cardiovascular Engineering 6(4), 151–158 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gregory, S.D., Stevens, M., Timms, D., Pearcy, M.: Replication of the Frank-Starling response in a mock circulation loop. In: Proc. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 6825–6828 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Labrosse, M.R., Lobo, K., Beller, C.J.: Structural analysis of the natural aortic valve in dynamics: from unpressurized to physiologically loaded. Journal of Biomechanics 43(10), 1916–1922 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Claiborne, T.E., Bluestein, D., Schoephoerster, R.T.: Development and evaluation of a novel artificial catheter-deliverable prosthetic heart valve and method for in vitro testing. The International Journal of Artificial Organs 32(5), 262–271 (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gwak, K.W., Paden, B.E., Noh, M.D., Antaki, J.F.: Fluidic operational amplifier for mock circulatory systems. Control Systems Technology 14(4), 602–612 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yu, Y.C., Gopalakrishnan, S.: Elastance control of a mock circulatory system for ventricular assist device test. In: Proc. American Control Conference, pp. 1009–1014 (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Komorowski, D., Gawlikowski, M.: Preliminary investigations regarding the blood volume estimation in pneumatically controlled ventricular assist device by pattern recognition. Advances in Soft. Computing 45, 558–565 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ferrari, G., Kozarski, M., De Lazzari, C., Gorczynska, K., Mimmo, R., Guaragno, M., Darowski, M.: Modelling of cardiovascular system: development of a hybrid (numerical-physical) model. International Journal of Artificial Organs 26(12), 1104–1114 (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of MechatronicsWarsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Foundation of Cardiac Surgery DevelopmentZabrzePoland

Personalised recommendations