Firefly Algorithm: A Brief Review of the Expanding Literature

  • Iztok Fister
  • Xin-She Yang
  • Dušan Fister
  • Iztok FisterJr.
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 516)


Firefly algorithm (FA) was developed by Xin-She Yang in 2008 and it has become an important tool for solving the hardest optimization problems in almost all areas of optimization as well as engineering practice. The literature has expanded significantly in the last few years. Various FA variants have been developed to suit different applications. This chapter provides a brief review of this expanding and state-of-the-art literature on this dynamic and rapidly evolving domain of swarm intelligence.


Firefly algorithm Discrete firefly algorithm Nature-inspired algorithm Scheduling Combinatorial optimization Engineering optimization 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iztok Fister
    • 1
  • Xin-She Yang
    • 2
  • Dušan Fister
    • 1
  • Iztok FisterJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia
  2. 2.School of Science and TechnologyMiddlesex UniversityNorth LondonUK

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