Guidelines for the Walled City of Multan: Knowledge, Conservation, and Relationship Ancient/New for a Sustainable Rehabilitation

  • Maurizio BorianiEmail author
  • Mariacristina Giambruno
  • Sonia Pistidda
Part of the Research for Development book series (REDE)


The buildings of the Walled City of Multan come from different historical ages with important examples of materials, traditional building types, and construction techniques. This is a great wealth but at the same time it raises several problems for the complex issues involved. In a such complex context, if we want to preserve the past as a foundation for the future, it is important to start a virtuous process through synergistic actions for the improvement of housing conditions. The guidelines don’t consist of individual projects but in a real and operative approach method: a friendly tool but at the same time a technical guidebook addressed to different types of users (owners, specialized workers, and technicians) for different levels of intervention: maintenance, repairs, and restoration.


Cement Mortar Construction Technique Historic Building Walled City Hydraulic Lime 
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The article is the result of the joint discussion of all authors; the individual parts have been edited as follows: the section “Guidelines Versus Handbook“by Maurizio Boriani and Mariacristina Giambruno; the section “Goals and Structure of the Guidelines” by Maurizio Boriani and Mariacristina Giambruno; the section “The Knowledge as a Precondition for the Conservation: A Glossary of the Construction Elements and Decay Phenomena” by Sonia Pistidda; the section “Guidelines, Operational Tools: Best and Bad Practices, the Technical Fact Sheets, and the Check List” by Mariacristina Giambruno and Sonia Pistidda; and the section “Multan as the Opportunity to Test the Guidelines: The Results of a Practical Experience” by Sonia Pistidda.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Boriani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mariacristina Giambruno
    • 1
  • Sonia Pistidda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Architecture and Urban StudiesPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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