Skip to main content

Dia–Log(os): The Genesis of Communicological Virtues in the Phenomenology of Life, with the Reference to the Advaita Vedānta of Ādi Śaṅkara

Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU,volume 117)

Abstract

A problem of successful communication of philosophical knowledge is especially present for the ontologies whose insight into the real has grounding in first person experience. I will show how this problem is solved in the Phenomenology of Life of Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, by comparing the central principle of her philosophy, sentience, with the sat of Śaṅkara’s Vedanta. The communicological properties of the Phenomenology of Life have to be understood within the framework of human science and not the positivistic studies of communication. The discource of the Phenomenology of Life implies not only consumption of ideas, but a visceral repositioning of direct intuition of the reader towards the Logos of Life, the ever-present Other in Tymieniecka’s interrogation. Thus, a spectrum of communicological virtues in the Phenomenology of Life can be outlined, beginning from a participatory quality, to the anchoring of interrogation in the embodied sentience, to following the living logos with its novum-s and emergencies, and to the dynamic unification. The traditional forms of communication, such as Hindi satsang or Islamic sohbet, help us to understand that realization of the full potential of the Phenomenology of Life depends also on the cultivation of particular virtues in the readers, e.g. receptivity, sincerity and willingness to reorient their awareness from static ontological schemata of the natural attitude towards a gestalt of the living, evolving logos.

Keywords

  • Natural Attitude
  • Oral Tradition
  • Human Consciousness
  • Dynamic Unification
  • Phenomenological Philosophy

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a lecture given at the Seminar III. Post-Metaphysical Dialogue, Theme: «About communicative being in post-metaphysical times/Dell’essere che si comunica nel tempo della Post-metafisica». March 28, 2012, in the University of Macerata, Italy. I am grateful to Professor Daniela Verducci, who organized the seminar, for proposing the theme.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-02039-6_15
  • Chapter length: 13 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-02039-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Notes

  1. 1.

    Pushkin, “The Prophet”, retrieved from http://www.artofeurope.com/pushkin/pus1.htm

  2. 2.

    For the example of delploying the archetypes, see Louchakova (2007).

  3. 3.

    For more on the New Enlightenment, see Louchakova-Schwartz (2012).

  4. 4.

    For more on ontology in the Phenomenology of Life, see Khalilov (2012).

  5. 5.

    Europo-genic is a term that I am introducing here to denote cultures and philosophies whose intellectual and spiritual genealogy involves European roots to a significant extent.

  6. 6.

    For an example, see Śri Śaṅkarācārya (1978).

  7. 7.

    Ādi Śaṅkara’s teachings are passed down both through the textual tradition with the interpretive commentaries, and through the oral tradition of recitation and commentaries frequently memorized verbatim. Hence, the contemplations remain the same as they are passed down from teacher to disciple (Carol “Radha” Whitfield, a teacher in traditional Advaita Vedānta, pers. comm., 1994–1999). Pramāna, the logic behind the recognition of sat, is preserved both within the oral tradition and in the texts, such as Śaṅkara”s commentaries to Bhagavat Gītā (Warrier 1983).

    For more on the teaching tradition of Advaita Vedānta, see Swāmī Dayananda Saraswati (1993).

  8. 8.

    Tony Varner, a.k.a. Ganga ji, a neo-Vedanta teacher, pers. comm, 1994.

  9. 9.

    Cf. Husserl 1983, p. 39 (Ideas 1, para. 21): “[T]here is something such as pure intuiting as a kind of givenness in which essences are given ordinarily as objects entirely in the same way that individual realities are given in experiential intuition; it is not recognized that every judging process of seeing such as in particular, seeing unconditionally universal truths, likewise falls under the concept of presentive intuition, which has many differentiations, above all, those that run parallel to the logical categories”.

References

  • Damasio, Antonio R. 2010. Self comes to mind: Constructing the conscious brain, 1st ed. New York: Pantheon Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dillon, M.C. 1988. Merleau-Ponty’s ontology. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eicher-Catt, Deborah, and Isaac E. Catt. 2008. What can it mean to say that communication is ‘effective’ (and for whom) in postmodernity?. Atlantic Journal of Communication 16(3–4): 1–3, p. 119.

    Google Scholar 

  • James, William. 1916. Some problems of philosophy: A beginning of an introduction to philosophy. New York: Longmans, Green and Co.

    Google Scholar 

  • Husserl, E. 1983. Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. Book 1. Trans. F. Kersten. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Khalilov, S. 2012. Phenomenology of life or life of idea. Baku: Azerbaijan University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Levinas, Emmanuel. 1963/1973. The Theory of Intuition in Husserl’s Phenomenology. Trans. A. Orianne. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Louchakova, O. 2008. Reconstitution of the self during the study of Advaita Vedanta (Traditional Indian teachings of non-dual consciousness): Phenomenological investigations. In Toward a science of consciousness, April 8–12, 2008, Tucson, AZ, Consciousness Research Abstracts, 315, 194.

    Google Scholar 

  • Louchakova, Olga. 2006. Ontopoiesis and union in the prayer of the heart: Contributions to psychotherapy and learning. In Logos of phenomenology and phenomenology of the logos, Book 4 of the logos of scientific interrogation: Participating in nature—life—sharing in life, Analecta Husserliana, vol. 91, ed. A-T. Tymieniecka, 289–311.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Louchakova, Olga. 2007. Ontopoiesis and spiritual emergence: Bridging tymieniecka’s phenomenology of life and transpersonal psychology. In Phenomenology of life: From the animal soul to the human mind, Book II of the human soul in the creative transformation of the mind, Analecta Husserliana , vol. 94, ed. A-T. Tymieniecka, 43–68. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Louchakova-Schwartz, Olga. 2012. Self in the path(o)s of the new enlightenment: Towards a new clinical theory. Agathos. An International Review of the Humanities and Social Sciences 3(1): 7–30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Louchakova-Schwartz, Olga. 2013. Direct intuition: Strategies of knowledge in the phenomenology of life, with reference to the philosophy of illumination. In Phenomenology and the human positioning in the cosmos, Analecta Husserliana xx, xx-xx, ed. A-T. Tymieniecka. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Maturana Humberto, R., and Francisco J. Varela. 1980. Autopoiesis and cognition: The realization of the living, Boston studies in the philosophy of science. Dordrecht, Holland: Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. 1962. Phenomenology of perception. London/New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Newberg, Andrew B., Eugene G. D’Aquili, and Vince Rause. 2001. Why god won’t go away: Brain science and the biology of belief, 1st ed. New York: Ballantine Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Newberg Andrew, B. 2010. Principles of neurotheology, Ashgate science and religion series. Farnham, Surrey, England/Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sarāswāti, Swāmī Dayanānda. 1993. The teaching tradition of Advaita Vedanta. Saylorsburg: Arsha Vidya Gurukulum/Institute of Vedanta and Sanskrit.

    Google Scholar 

  • Singh, Jaideva. 1979. Vijnanabhairava. [Divine Consciousness.]. Trans. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. [Date of the original work unknown.]

    Google Scholar 

  • Śri Śaṅkarācārya. 1978. Dakshinamurti Stotra, with Sri Sureshwaracharya’s Mānasallāsa, Trans. A. M. Sastry. Madras: Samata Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa. 1998. The theme. In Phenomenology of life and the human creative condition, Book 1, Laying own the cornerstones of the field. 52, xi–xx, ed. Tymieniecka. Boston: Kluwer, 1998).viii Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, Book 4 of the Impetus and equipose in the life-strategies of reason. logos and life, Analecta Husserliana C (2000, #567): 70,22.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa. 2000. Book 4 of the Impetus and equipoise in the life-strategies of reason. Logos and life, Analecta Husserliana C, 70. Dordrecht: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa. 2004. Inaugural lecture, ‘Ontopoietic Ciphering and existential vision of reality.’ In Does the world exist? Plurisignificant ciphering of reality, ed. Tymieniecka. Analecta Husserliana 79, xiii–xxx, 2004, xiii. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa. 2009. The fullness of the logos in the key of life. Book 1, The case of God in the new enlightenment, Analecta Husserliana, vol. 100. Dordrecht: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vidyāraṇya, S. 14th century C.E./1967. Pañcadaśī. Madras: Sri Ramakrishna Math.

    Google Scholar 

  • Warrier, A. G. K., 1983. Srimad Bhagavat Gita Bhasya of Sri Samkaracarya. Trans. Madras: Sri Ramakrishna Math. [Date of the original work unknown.]

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Olga Louchakova-Schwartz .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Louchakova-Schwartz, O. (2014). Dia–Log(os): The Genesis of Communicological Virtues in the Phenomenology of Life, with the Reference to the Advaita Vedānta of Ādi Śaṅkara. In: Tymieniecka, AT. (eds) Phenomenology of Space and Time. Analecta Husserliana, vol 117. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02039-6_15

Download citation