The Inseparable Link Between “Cosmology” and the “World of Life” in the Philosophy of Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka: The Originality of a New Perspective on the “Real Individual and Autonomous Being” and a Comparison with the “Phenomenological Realism” of Hedwig Conrad-Martius
This study aims to examine Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka’s original speculation on the “phenomenology of life” with reference to the anthropological question of the human being as a “real individual and autonomous being”, considering its ontological centrality in the Cosmos. The investigations skilfully conducted in recent years by Tymieniecka show that the cosmological question is “directed to reality” and should not be associated exclusively with philosophical speculation. The strong link with the “world of life” will help us to work through her investigations and reach what she describes as “the trans-subjective universe”.
Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka’s plan is to rehabilitate phenomenology in accordance with a new approach determined by its reorientation as a philosophy of life in search of its logos: “Logos” and “Life” are conceived by Tymieniecka as inseparable. This plan is always present in the background to my own research.
In the analysis I will attempt a comparison between the philosophy of Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka and the “phenomenological realism” of Hedwig Conrad-Martius with reference to three constitutive elements: (1) the “phenomenology of life” and the “trans-physical world”; (2) the anthropological question of “individuation”; (3) an analysis of how the order and the forces of the cosmos are bound up with the creative forces of human beings.