From Shem the Son of Noah to Abraham Son of Terah

  • Arie S. IssarEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


Ur-Kassdim the city from which Terah and later of his son Abram-Abraham immigrated to Canaan is identified with Urkesh the capital of the Hurrian kingdom in northeastern Syria. The reason for this immigration was a period of dryness, which had affected the Middle East, starting around 2300 B.C. and reaching its peak around 1800 B.C. The wave of the immigrants also conquered a few of the Canaanite city-kingdoms and turned them to fortified cities. This climatic crisis led to the invasion of Egypt by the Hyksos, who gained control over northern Egypt. The immigration to Egypt was because of its prosperity due to the fact that the sources of the Nile are in tropical and sub-tropical Africa.


Middle East Zagros Mountain Taurus Mountain Average Annual Amount Nomad Tribe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Berlyn P (2005) The journey of Terah: to Ur-kasdim or Urkesh? Jewish Bibl Q 33(2):73Google Scholar
  2. Buccellati G, Kelly-Buccellati M (1997) Urkesh: the first Hurrian capital. Bibl Archaeol 60(2):77–96Google Scholar
  3. Green T (1992) The city of the moon god: religious traditions of harran. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  4. Lloyd S (1978) The archaeology of mesopotamia. Thames and Hudson, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Parrot A (1958) Mission archaeologique de Mari. Le Palais. Institut Francais d’Archaeologie de Beyrouth, Bibliotheque archaeologique et historique, vol 2. P. Geuthner, ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. Parrot A (1968) Mission archaeologique de Mari. Le “tresor” d’Ur. Institut Francais d’Archaeologie de Beyrouth, Bibliotheque archaeologique et historique, vol. 4. P. Geuthner, ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Rainey AF, Notley RS (2006) The sacred bridge- carta’s atlas of the biblical world. Certa, JerusalemGoogle Scholar
  8. Stern E (ed.) (2007) The New Encyclopedia for Archeological excavations in Israel, Israel Exploration Society and antiquities, Ministry of Defence-Publishing, Carta Jerusalem, Vol. ShchemGoogle Scholar
  9. Weiss H et al (1993) The genesis and collapse of third millennium north mesopotamian civilization. Sci 261(5124):995–1004Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The J. Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Sede-Boqer CampusBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael

Personalised recommendations