Tiamat and Marduk Depart, Enter Adam and Eve the Tool Makers

  • Arie S. IssarEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


Flint tools, found in northern Israel tell that hominids reached the Middle East about two and half million years ago. Other sites of later dates contain burnt wood, which may be the earliest evidence for the controlled use of fire by hominids. The migrations from Africa were during glacial periods when the Arabian-Saharan desert belt enjoyed a humid climate. The cold glacial climates, which made the deserts green and passable, brought also a decrease of amounts of the rains over the tropics and subtropics. This caused a decrease of food sources and thus migration of animals and hominids and later also the Homo sapiens who left eastern Africa around 100,000 years ago and migrated to Asia. His remains were found in caves in Israel. Thus climate changes, which affected the natural environment were significant in determining the history of the Middle East.


Dust Storm Middle East Glacial Period Negev Desert Rain Storm 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The J. Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Sede-Boqer CampusBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael

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