When Tiamat and Marduk Ruled the Worlds

  • Arie S. IssarEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


The stories of creation found in the first chapters of the Bible reflect the spiritual effort of intelligent human beings, the Sumerians, who inhabited the lower stretches of valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, to explain how the world around them was formed. The infinite stretches of the deep sea bordering their land on the south brought them to crown Tiamat as the queen of the abyss and ruler of the world. This belief was passed from one generation to the next and when writing was invented engraved on clay tablets. The neighbors to the north, the Akkadians-Babylonians, claimed that their highest of all Gods Marduk subordinated Tiamat, and was the creator of the world. These stories were heard by the ancient Hebrews who transformed them according to their system of beliefs and language.


Prehistoric Time Biblical Story Clay Tablet Ancient Inhabitant Narrow Coastal Plain 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The J. Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Sede-Boqer CampusBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael

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