• Abdul Qayyum Rana
  • Peter Hedera


Tics are sudden, nonrhythmic, repetitive, stereotyped motor movements that are temporarily suppressible and may resemble purposeful-like movements. This chapter reviews main clinical characteristics of ticks and their most common causes. We describe characteristic phenotypic features of conditions associated with both motor and vocal ticks, their differential diagnosis, and most useful clinical work-up. The main emphasis is on Tourette syndrome and its clinical management, including motor and non-motor presentation of this common neurologic condition.


Tics Hyperkinetic movements Tourette syndrome Obsessive-compulsive disorder 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Qayyum Rana
    • 1
  • Peter Hedera
    • 2
  1. 1.Parkinson’s Clinic of Eastern TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Neurology Division of Movement DisordersVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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