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Pathways and Signaling Crosstalk with Oxidant in Calcium Influx in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells

  • Lei Cai
  • Qinghua HuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Influx of extracellular calcium through calcium channels in the plasma membrane contributes to the sustained phase of [Ca2+]i elevation following agonist stimulation. The interactions between channel proteins like TRPC, STIM1, and Orai1, as well as protein and regulatory molecules including reactive oxygen species (ROSs), have been shown to be involved in the opening of calcium entry channels. The contribution of endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to agonist-induced intracellular calcium oscillation was first reported as early as 2002 in vascular endothelial cells. While both the receptor-operated calcium channel and store-operated calcium channel proteins possess cysteine residues, they could also be potential targets of ROSs. Mitochondria-derived H2O2 was shown to work as a cofactor together with STIM1 to mediate histamine-stimulated Ca2+ influx in airway smooth muscle cells. Furthermore, intracellular ROSs can interact with members of transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamilies and contribute to Ca2+ influx. ROS-induced TRP intracellular translocation has been suggested as a critical underlying mechanism of TRP activation, which could be a clue to explain how intracellular ROSs cooperate with STIM1 to mediate Ca2+ influx. The cooperation of ROSs and calcium signaling has magnified physiological or pathological effects.

Keywords

Oxidant Cooperation Calcium influx 

Abbreviations

[Ca2+]i

intracellular calcium concentration

ASMC

airway smooth muscle cell

SR

sarcoplasmic reticulum

IP3

inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate

ROS

reactive oxygen species

VDCC

voltage-dependent calcium channels

ROC

receptor-operated calcium channel

SOC

store-operated calcium channel

CCE

capacitative Ca2+ entry

PIP2

phosphatidylinositol biphosphate

Tg

thapsigragin

ICRAC

calcium-release-activated calcium current

TRP

transient receptor potential

STIM

stromal interaction molecule

TRPC

TRP canonical

Trx

thioredoxin

CRAC

Ca2+ release-activated channel

SCID

severe combined immune deficiency

NADPH

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

RNS

reactive nitrogen species

RyR

ryanodine receptor

mtDNA

mitochondrial DNA

EB

ethidium bromide

IGF-1

insulin-like growth factor 1

EGF

endothelial growth factor

AVP

arginine vasopressin

VCAM

vascular cell adhesion molecule

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathophysiologyTongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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