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The Role of Mitochondria in Calcium Regulation in Airway Smooth Muscle

  • Philippe Delmotte
  • Li Jia
  • Gary C. SieckEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Excitation–contraction coupling represents a cascade of events that connects the initiating signal, an elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt), with the ensuing cross-bridge recruitment and cycling that underlies ATP-consuming mechanical work. Mitochondria are the power plant of the cell. An elevation in [Ca2+]cyt is followed by an increase in mitochondrial Ca2+ ([Ca2+]mito). Moreover, an increase in [Ca2+]mito leads to an increase in ATP production. Therefore, the relationship between elevations in [Ca2+]cyt and [Ca2+]mito reflects a coupling between energy demand and energy supply. Accordingly, mitochondrial Ca2+ regulation mediates excitation–energy coupling in ASM. To this end, mitochondrial movement within ASM cells may help couple ATP production to localized differences in energy demand.

Keywords

Excitation–Contraction Coupling ATP Metabolism Mitochondrial Ca2+ Cytosolic Ca2+ 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physiology and Biomedical EngineeringMayo Clinic College of MedicineRochesterUSA

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