The Variable Neighborhood Search Heuristic for the Containers Drayage Problem with Time Windows

  • D. Popović
  • M. Vidović
  • M. Nikolić
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 223)


The containers drayage problem studied here arise in International Standards Organization (ISO) container distribution and collecting processes, in regions which are oriented to container sea ports or inland terminals. Containers of different sizes, but mostly 20 ft, and 40 ft empty and loaded should be delivered to, or collected from the customers. Therefore, the problem studied here is closely related to the vehicle routing problem with the time windows where an optimal set of routes is obtained. Both delivery and pickup demands can be satisfied in a single route. The specificity of the containers drayage problem analyzed here lies in the fact that a truck may simultaneously carry one 40 ft, or two 20 ft containers, using an appropriate trailer type. This means that in one route there can be one, two, three or four nodes, which is equivalent to the problem of matching nodes in single routes. This paper presents the Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) heuristic for solving the Containers Drayage Problem with Time Windows (CDPTW). The results from the VNS heuristic are compared with the two optimal MIP mathematical formulations that were introduced in our previous research papers.


Variable Neighborhood Search International Standard Organization Container Transportation Container Terminal Local Search Procedure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was partially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Government of the Republic of Serbia, through the project TR 36006, for the period 2011-2014.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Department of LogisticsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Department of Operations Research in TrafficUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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