Design, Designers, and Reflection-in-Action

  • Monica W. TraceyEmail author
  • John Baaki
Part of the Educational Communications and Technology: Issues and Innovations book series (ECTII)


The role of the designer is ever changing and we are constantly looking to improve our designer preparation methods. Reflection-in-action, an interdisciplinary design principle, is emerging as an important component in instructional design. This chapter explores reflection-in-action in design by defining reflection-in-action and by discussing theoretical foundations, perspectives of reflection within design, and its implications on design and designers. It also illustrates each of these principles through examples in a case study.


Design Designers Design thinking Reflection-in-action Designer self-reflection Ill-structured problems Design episodes Design inquiry Design exploration Designer reflective conversation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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