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Geochemistry of Plant-Soil-Permafrost System on Landslide-Affected Slopes, Yamal, Russia as an Indicator of Landslide Age

  • Nataliya UkraintsevaEmail author
  • Marina Leibman
  • Irina Streletskaya
  • Tatiana Mikhaylova
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Cryogenic landslides on saline marine sediments are widely distributed in Typical tundra bioclimatic subzone of the Yamal Peninsula. Interrelation between the height and productivity of the willow tundra, and activation of cryogenic processes are discussed. It is supposed that high willow canopies are the indicators of ancient landslide activities and may serve as fundamental guide for mapping of landslides in the region. Various procedures are proposed to evaluate the relative age of the landslides. They include, study of the succession of vegetation cover, ash content in each vegetation group, groundwater and sediment chemistry on the landslide-affected slopes. It is shown that the landslide process causes desalinization of marine sediments and enriches the active layer with salts. This is an important peculiarity of cryogenic landslides in the region with saline permafrost distribution.

Keywords

Cryogenic landslides Age assessment Soil and plant geochemistry Willow shrubs 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by grants 11-05-00544-a, 11-05-10084-k, 10-05-10027-k from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research; Grant SS 5582.2012.5 from the President of the Russian Federation for Science Schools. It was carried out as part of integration programs of the Presidium of the Siberian Branch RAS, as well as international projects RISES, TSP and CALM. The authors would like to express their gratitude to NN Smetanin and KA Ermokhina for their assistance in the field and contributions in data processing, and also to SE Sorokin and RV Grishina for performing various chemical tests.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nataliya Ukraintseva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marina Leibman
    • 1
  • Irina Streletskaya
    • 2
  • Tatiana Mikhaylova
    • 1
  1. 1.Earth Cryosphere Institute SB RASTyumenRussia
  2. 2.Geographical Department of Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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