The Emerging Picture: A Social-Historical Perspective and Significant Personalities

  • Kumkum BhattacharyaEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Education book series (BRIEFSEDUCAT)


This chapter gives us insight into how Rabindranath became one of the few world figures of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The historical understanding of the Tagore family and the movements it was associated with over 100 years is very crucial in the emergence of the Tagore phenomenon. The process of colonization of a huge country and the subsequent change in power and administration from a merchant company to the British crown ushered in change on an unprecedented scale in every sphere of life. It was as if tradition was forced to confront modernity and this was felt very deeply in the sphere of education. The history of the Indian renaissance closely enmeshed in the various measures of the spread of education was experienced more sharply in Bengal, the then capital of the British Raj. Many luminaries were active in bringing about the fruits of modern education to the people of who the Tagores were front runners. Tagore’s personal experiences of modern education convinced him of the need to think anew about what should be the nature of education. His own path to education had been through his intense relationship with nature, creativity and joy; of his exposure to various cultures and societies and the freedom, he enjoyed in expressing his ideas and experiences through his writings. Tagore spent some years in rural Bengal from which he gained insight into the condition of the peasantry and the life of the poor villagers and this opened for him another dimension in his educational endeavours.


History and the Tagores Colonial forces and education Indian renaissance Rural life and education 


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© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Visva-Bharati UniversitySriniketanIndia

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