• Nouha Baccour
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering book series (BRIEFSELECTRIC)


Low-power wireless technologies have been major enablers for pervasive computing applications as diverse as environmental monitoring, smart buildings, plant process control, structural health monitoring and more generically any application under the smart cooperating objects and “Internet of Things” umbrella. However, the scalability requirements typically imposed by such applications constrain the cost/energy per node to unprecedented levels. Namely, system designers are usually limited to use low-cost radio transceivers operating at the unlicensed ISM spectrum and with transmission powers two orders of magnitude smaller than commodity wireless technologies, as well as light ultra-compacted application, data processing and middleware software and protocol stacks to cope with very limited memory and processing capabilities. Therefore, communications typically tend to be unreliable and, worse than that, unpredictable.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Superior de Engenharia do PortoPortoPortugal

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