Multi-Disciplinary Constraint Design Optimization Based on Progressive Meta-Model Method for Vehicle Body Structure

  • S. J. HeoEmail author
  • I. H. Kim
  • D. O. Kang
  • W. Y. Ki
  • S. M. H. Darwish
  • W. C. Choi
  • H. J. Yim
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 43)


In order to design a vehicle body with high strength and high stiffness, a multi-disciplinary design process should include careful consideration of multi-disciplinary design constraints to properly account for vehicle static stiffness (bending/torsional), durability, Noise/Vibration/Harshness (NVH), crash worthiness, light weight vehicle structure during the early stage of vehicle design process. With this approach, fast development of new vehicle body structures can be achieved with minimal number of iterations to match the conflicting design goals from each discipline. In the current research, a multi-disciplinary design optimization (MDO) based on a meta model is developed and refined to apply for the design of body structure. In an effort to apply the MDO for vehicle body structure, 4 phase procedures were established in the current research. In Phase I, a base model is created. In Phase II, an effect analysis is carried out. In Phase III, a meta model is created. Finally in Phase IV, using the optimization algorithm, the meta model created in Phase III is eventually refined through the process of optimization. In this research, static stiffness (bending / torsional), dynamic stiffness (1st torsion mode) were used for constrained conditions and the mass minimization was the object function for optimization.



This research was supported by the International Collaborative Research Project between KSU and KMU and by the MKE (The Ministry of Knowledge Economy), Korea, under the CITRC (Convergence Information Technology Research Center) support program (NIPA-2012-H0401-12-2003) supervised by the NIPA(National IT Industry Promotion Agency).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Heo
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. H. Kim
    • 1
  • D. O. Kang
    • 2
  • W. Y. Ki
    • 1
  • S. M. H. Darwish
    • 3
  • W. C. Choi
    • 1
  • H. J. Yim
    • 1
  1. 1.Kookim UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Institute of Design OptimizationSeongnamKorea
  3. 3.King Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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