Fog Collection Technology Transfer and Co-Creation Projects in Falda Verde, Chile and Tojquia, Guatemala

  • Fernanda Rojas
  • Virginia Carter
  • Melissa Rosato
Conference paper


There are numerous development projects around the world that seek to provide technological solutions, however these technologies do not prosper because technology transfer, and especially co-creation, is often neglected. The NGO FogQuest has tried to center these themes into fog collection initiatives which are both technological and social endeavors. The technology used are Large Fog Collectors (LFCs) which are composed of vertical panels of mesh (typically 40 m2) with an under hanging gutter erected using posts. LFCs collect water from fog and rain on its surface making it a physically viable water supply for certain rural communities with few alternatives. The technology is simple enough that it can be locally operated and managed, making it appealing from a social or management perspective. Because projects around the world face the challenges of integrating geographic suitability and local capacity, attempts at technology transfer that focus explicitly on the empowerment qualities of the technology can be an indicator for long-standing success. Through two case studies, this paper evaluates different project approaches in decisions surrounding the introduction and implementation of fog collection technology exploring both the physical and social needs in a technological intervention. The evolution of technological fog collection knowledge was examined with a focus on adaptability in the context of community idiosyncrasies where it is developed. It was determined that technology transfer and co-creation are inherently linked and need to be pursued in the right context and with the appropriate processes.The implementation of innovative technologies for sustainable development is achieved only with a strong dedication towards the learning and empowerment of the benefited communities.


Technology Transfer Collection Surface Community Motivation Ongoing Success Vertical Panel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Carter, V., Schemenauer, R., Osses, P., & Streeter, H. (2007). The Atacama Desert fog collection projectat falda verde, Chile. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Fog, Fog Collection and Dew, 22–27 July 2007, La Serena, Chile.Google Scholar
  2. Instituto nacional de estadística de Chile. (2012). Resultados preliminares censo nacional de población y vivienda 2012. Santiago, Chile. resource document. Instituto nacional de estadística. Retrieved Nov 5, 2012, from
  3. Klemm, O., Schemenauer, R. S., Lummerich, A., Cereceda, P., Marzol, V., Corell, D., et al. (2011). Fog as a fresh-water resource: Overview and perspectives. AMBI: A Journal of the Human Environment, 41(3), 221–234. doi: 10.1007/s13280-012-0247-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Larraín, H., Velásquez, F., Cereceda, P., Espejo, R., Pinto, R., Osses, P., et al. (2002). Fog measurements at the site “Falda Verde” North of Chañaral compared with other fog stations of Chile. Atmospheric Research, 64(1–4), 273–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Plan de Desarrollo Comunal para la comuna de Chañaral. (2008). Community development plan. Chile: Elaborated by the Municipality of Chañaral.Google Scholar
  6. Rosato, M., Rojas, F., & Schemenauer, R. S. (2010). Not just beneficiaries: Fostering participation and local management capacity in the Tojquia fog-collection project, Guatemala. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Fog, Fog Collection and Dew 2010. 25–30 July 2010, Münster, pp. 248–251.Google Scholar
  7. Schemenauer, R. S., & Cereceda, P. (1994). A proposed standard fog collector for use in high elevation regions. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 33, 1313–1322.Google Scholar
  8. Schemenauer, R. S., Cereceda, P., & Osses, P. (2005). Fog water collection manual. Toronto, Canada: FogQuest.Google Scholar
  9. Schemenauer, R. S., Rosato, M., & Carter, V. (2007). Fog collection projects in Tojquia and La Ventosa, Guatemala. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Fog, Fog Collection and Dew, La Serena, Chile, 22–27 July 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernanda Rojas
    • 1
  • Virginia Carter
    • 2
  • Melissa Rosato
    • 3
  1. 1.FogQuest: Sustainable Water SolutionsValdiviaChile
  2. 2.FogQuest: Sustainable Water SolutionsSantiagoChile
  3. 3.FogQuest: Sustainable Water SolutionsTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations