Skip to main content

The Effects of Configurational and Functional Factors on the Spatial Distribution of Pedestrians

Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

The research presented here deals with pedestrian movement in two adjacent areas located in the city of Tel-Aviv that were established in different periods and according to different city planning doctrines: pre-modern and modern urban planning. Consequently, these areas differ in the street network spatial-configurational attributes and in the functional built environment attributes. Statistical and geographical analysis showed that in spite of their physical proximity, the two areas examined in this study differed significantly in the volume and the geographical distribution of pedestrian movement as well as in the explaining attributes of this distribution. It was found that in pre-modern environment, pedestrian movement is more predictable and has higher correlation to the spatial-configurational attributes of street network than in modern environment. The findings of this research can contribute to a greater understanding of the factors that shape pedestrian movement in pre-modern and modern urban environments.

Keywords

  • Street Network
  • Street Segment
  • Local Choice
  • Public Transit
  • Western Area

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-00615-4_22
  • Chapter length: 16 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-00615-4
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Notes

  1. 1.

    DepthMap is a software developed by UCL and is free for academic use:

    http://www.vr.ucl.ac.uk/depthmap/

References

  • Chu SCH (2005) When and why do people walk in the city: the influence of urban elements on time-pattern of pedestrian movement. In: 6th international Walk 21 conference in Zurich

    Google Scholar 

  • Hillier B (1996) Space is the Machine. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Hillier B (2002) A theory of the city as object: or, how spatial laws mediate the social construction of urban space. Urban Des Int 7:153–179

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hillier B, Penn A, Hanson J, Grajewski T, Xu J (1993) Natural movement: or, configuration and attraction in Urban pedestrian movement. Environ Plann B: Plann Des 20:29–66

    Google Scholar 

  • Hillier B, Iida S (2005) Network effects and psychological effects: a theory of urban movement. In: 5th International space syntax symposium in Delft

    Google Scholar 

  • Jiang B (2009a) Ranking spaces for predicting human movement in an urban environment. Int J Geograph Inf Sci 23(7):823–837

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang B (2009b) Street Hierarchies: a minority of streets account for a majority of traffic flow. Int J Geograph Inf Sci 23(8):1033–1048

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang B, Claramunt C (2004) A structural approach to the model generalization of an urban street network. Geo Informatica 8:157–171

    Google Scholar 

  • Marom N (2009) City of concept: planning Tel-Aviv. Babel Press, Tel-Aviv in Hebrew

    Google Scholar 

  • Ozbil A, Peponis J, Stone B (2011) Understanding the link between street connectivity, land use and pedestrian flows. Urban Des Int 16:125–141

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ozer O, Kubat AS (2007) Walking initiatives: a quantitative movement analysis. In: 6th International space syntax symposium in Istanbul

    Google Scholar 

  • Penn A, Hillier B, Banister D, Xu J (1998) Configurational modeling of urban movement networks. Environ Plann B: Plann Des 25:59–84

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Raford N, Ragland DR (2006) Pedestrian volume modeling for traffic safety and exposure analysis: case of Boston. Massachusetts. Transportation research board 85th annual meeting

    Google Scholar 

  • Read S (1999) Space syntax and the Dutch city. Environ Plann B: Plann Des 26:251–264

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Turner A (2007) From axial to road-centre lines: a new representation for space syntax and a new model of route choice for transport network analysis. Environ Plann B: Plann Des 34:539–555

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang L, Zhuang Y, Dai X (2012) A configurational study of pedestrian flows in multi-level commercial space. Case study Shanghai. In: 8th International space syntax symposium in Santiago de Chile

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yoav Lerman .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Appendix 1

Appendix 1

1.1 Bivariate Correlation of the Segment Based Variables

The R² values for the correlation between the pedestrian movement and segment based variables are shown in Table 4. Both geometric and metric variables are shown in various radii defined in meters. Variables with no radius in their name are global variables and are calculated with no limiting radius.

Table 4 Correlations of pedestrian volume (R²) with segment based variables. All correlations are statistically significant (P < 0.01) unless mentioned otherwise
  • MDR = Geometric Mean Depth

  • MMDR = Metric Mean Depth

  • Tch = Geometric Choice

  • Mch = Metric Choice

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2013 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Lerman, Y., Omer, I. (2013). The Effects of Configurational and Functional Factors on the Spatial Distribution of Pedestrians. In: Vandenbroucke, D., Bucher, B., Crompvoets, J. (eds) Geographic Information Science at the Heart of Europe. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00615-4_22

Download citation