Tracking People and Equipment Simulation inside Healthcare Units

  • Cátia Salgado
  • Luciana Cardoso
  • Pedro Gonçalves
  • António Abelha
  • José Machado
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 219)

Abstract

Simulating the trajectory of a patient, health professional or medical equipment can have diverse advantages in a healthcare environment. Many hospitals choose and to rely on RFID tracking systems to avoid the theft or loss of equipment, reduce the time spent looking for equipment, finding missing patients or staff, and issuing warnings about personnel access to unauthorized areas. The ability to successfully simulate the trajectory of an entity is very important to replicate what happens in RFID embedded systems. Testing and optimizing in a simulated environment, which replicates actual conditions, prevent accidents that may occur in a real environment. Trajectory prediction is a software approach which provides, in real time, the set of sensors that can be deactivated to reduce power consumption and thereby increase the system’s lifetime. Hence, the system proposed here aims to integrate the aforementioned strategies - simulation and prediction. It constitutes an intelligent tracking simulation system able to simulate and predict an entity’s trajectory in an area fitted with RFID sensors. The system uses a Data Mining algorithm, designated SK-Means, to discover object movement patterns through historical trajectory data.

Keywords

RFID object tracking Trajectory prediction Simulation Healthcare Data Mining SK-Means 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cátia Salgado
    • 1
  • Luciana Cardoso
    • 1
  • Pedro Gonçalves
    • 1
  • António Abelha
    • 1
  • José Machado
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade do Minho, CCTCBragaPortugal

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