A Study into Composite Laminators’ Motivation

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Manufacture using advanced composite materials is a predominantly manual process. Despite recent advances in automation; the manufacture of complex panels such as those found in secondary aircraft structures, is usually carried out by highly skilled human operators. A requirement for increasing build rates of aircraft structures means that a formerly low production cycle technique must now be applied to much faster and larger production runs. This is further complicated by a desire to achieve higher quality at lower cost. Increased automation and laminator aids are being employed to achieve this goal. This paper presents an initial study into the current state of composite laminators’ motivation using Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with a variety of laminators from a range of industries. The principle aim is to generate a preliminary set of recommendations based on trends gained from this initial study, with a view to later widening the study to improve motivation and thus productivity and quality.


Composite Laminator Composite Manufacture Permanent Staff Toyota Production System Laser Projection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Systems Centre and the EPSRC funded Industrial Doctorate Centre in Systems (Grant EP/G037353/1) and Renishaw plc. The authors would also like to thank all companies and individuals who participated in this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IDC in SystemsUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  2. 2.ACCIS, University of BristolBristolUK
  3. 3.MAPDRenishaw plcWotton-Under-EdgeUK

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