Virtual Transmitting-Receiving Beamforming Approach to Achieving Narrower Mainlobe for MIMO Radar by Tapering

  • Yubing JiangEmail author
  • Wei Zhang
  • Huiyong Li
  • Cheng Luo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 246)


An innovative approach is introduced to form narrower mainlobe of virtual transmitting-receiving beamforming by transmitting orthogonal coding waveforms from the antenna elements and digitally processing of their echoes at the receiver. The benefits such as increased angle resolution and increased Doppler resolution of MIMO radar mainly depend on the sparse arrays without the adverse effects of sidelobes. However, due to the actual limitation, such as room limitation for airborne, cost or other factors, we have to set the array in dense arrays configuration. With the proposed amplitude taper approach, a narrower main beam can be achieved with dense arrays configuration after virtual transmitting-receiving beamforming which can improve the performance of detecting slow moving target. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) loss of tapering is also discussed.


MIMO radar Narrower mainlobe Beamforming 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the associate editor for the insightful comments and suggestions. This work was supported partly by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation under Contract number 2012M520077, and by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China under Contract number ZYGX2012J018.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yubing Jiang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei Zhang
    • 1
  • Huiyong Li
    • 1
  • Cheng Luo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic EngineeringUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduP. R. China

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