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Meiolaniforms: An Extinct Lineage of Turtles of Gondwanan Origin

  • Marcelo S. de la Fuente
  • Juliana Sterli
  • Ignacio Maniel
Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

Meiolaniformes include the bizarre group of extinct Cenozoic turtles bearing cranial horns and frills (clade Meiolaniidae) and several species located in its stem. Most meiolaniforms are from Gondwana (Australia and South America), with the exception of two Eurasiatic taxa (Kallokibotion bajazidi and Mongolochelys efremovi). Meiolaniformes were originated in the present-day South America and they are known from the Lower Cretaceous until the Holocene. The oldest fossils within the clade (Chubutemys copelloi and Otwayemys cunicularius) indicate a minimum age of origin in the Aptian–Albian (Lower Cretaceous).

Keywords

Meiolaniformes Gondwana Cretaceous Paleogene Phylogeny Biogeography 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo S. de la Fuente
    • 1
  • Juliana Sterli
    • 2
  • Ignacio Maniel
    • 3
  1. 1.CONICET Museo de Historia Natural de San RafaelSan RafaelArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET Museo Paleontológico Egidio FeruglioTrelewArgentina
  3. 3.CONICET Fundación de Historia Natural Felix de Azara Universidad MaimonidesBuenos AiresArgentina

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