Scientific Thinking: Being Rational?

  • Peter TruranEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Philosophy book series (BRIEFSPHILOSOPH)


The reasoning processes employed in the resolution of research problems, in the analysis and evaluation of scientific data, and in the assessment of experimental results, may be complex. Critical thinking is not something that can be applied mechanistically or simplistically, but is a skill that needs development and practice.


Critical Thinking Scientific Reasoning Peer Review Process Confirmation Bias Moral Integrity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Giere RN (1979) Understanding scientific reasoning. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Grady D (2011) Study debunks operation to prevent strokes. New York Times, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Hacking I (1983) Representing and intervening. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Moore BN, Parker R (2009) Critical thinking, 9th edn. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Paul R, Elder L (2002) Critical thinking: taking charge of your professional and personal life. Financial Times Prentice Hall, HarlowGoogle Scholar
  6. Popper KR (1963) Conjectures and refutations. Routledge and Kegan Paul, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Powers WJ, Clarke WR, Grubb RL, Videen TO, Adams HP, Derdeyn CP (2011) Extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery for stroke prevention in hemodynamic cerebral ischemia: the carotid occlusion surgery study randomized trial. JAMA: J Am Med Assoc 306Google Scholar
  8. Taubes G (2007) Good calories, bad calories. Anchor Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for the Philosophy of ScienceUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

Personalised recommendations