• Moones RahmandoustEmail author
  • Majid R. Ayatollahi
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 39)


The idea of composites stem from the idea that by combining two or more distinct materials one may engineer a new material with properties that are a better combination of properties of the initial components. Composites, as schematically shown in Fig. 3.1, are engineered materials that consist of two or more insoluble phases combined together; a continuous phase, known as the matrix, as well as interdispersed components known as the reinforcing phase. The matrix is typically the major constituent that provides durability for the overall composite and it can be for instance, a metallic, a ceramic or a polymer material. The reinforcing inclusions are the structure’s load carriers that can be in the form of fibers, particles or flakes. This phase of the composite structure provides its stiffness and strength and hence, the properties of composites depend on the properties of each of these phases, the geometry of dispersed phase, i.e. their size, distribution and orientation, and finally the amount of each phase.


Representative Volume Element Effective Thermal Conductivity Fiber Volume Fraction Carbon Fiber Reinforce Polymer Short Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Griffith School of EngineeringGriffith University (Gold Coast Campus)SouthportAustralia
  2. 2.Protein Research CenterShahid Beheshti University, G.C.TehranIran
  3. 3.Fatigue and Fracture Research Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics, School of Mechanical EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

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