Formal Mutations: Variation, Constraint, Selection

  • Andrzej Zarzycki


Formal mutations explore tectonic possibilities in architectural form and space. They build upon the observation that editing already existing data is more native to the digital environment than inputting new data. In an architectural context, this means that transforming already existing forms is a potent and effective way to derive new forms, ideas and designs. This is achieved by animating an initial form with the use of space warps, morphs and form modifiers. Any form can be subsequently deformed and used as a seed for another design. In a further step the process of change is paralleled to other processes such as those found in nature and evolution. As a result, design methodology has to account for the creative error-mutation that helps a designer break away from the obvious and predictable, while setting design on unexpected but meaningful trajectories. Terms such as contaminations, traces, seeds, thresholds, attractors, etc. are becoming building blocks of the design process.


Transformational Model Formal Mutation Digital Environment Surface Subdivision Form Transformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Kirschner, Marc W. and John C. Gerhart. 2005. The Plausibility of Life: Resolving Darwin’s Dilemma. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Stravinsky, Igor. 1993. Poetics of Music in the Form of Six Lessons (The Charles Eliot Norton Lectures). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New Jersey Institute of Technology, College of Architecture and DesignUniversity HeightsNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations