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Embitterment pp 255-273 | Cite as

Posttraumatic embitterment disorder, PTED

  • Michael Linden

Abstract

It is generally accepted in clinical medicine that stressful life events can impair psychological and somatic functioning. It was shown that life events tend to occur to an extent greater than chance expectation before a variety of psychiatric disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders. The effect is moderate in magnitude but varies with the type of illness. In most of these cases life events are not a sufficient explanation for the development of the mental disorders but part in a complex multifactorial causative chain including genetics, other biological factors, personality, coping style, social experience, or environmental factors (Paykel 1974; Finlay-Jones and Brown 1981; Van der Kolk et al. 1994, 1996; Paykel 2001a,b).

Keywords

Anxiety Disorder Stressful Life Event Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Negative Life Event Basic Belief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Linden
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Group Psychosomatic RehabilitationRehabilitation Center Seehof LichterfelderTeltowGermany

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