Embitterment pp 240-247 | Cite as

Embitterment in suicide and homicide-suicide

  • Kenneth R. Conner
  • Robert L. Weisman


Linden (2003) has posited that a salient, negative life event can lead to the development of posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED), conceptualized as an adjustment disorder marked by the prolonged experience of strong emotions marked by bitterness and related feelings in an individual who had otherwise been functioning normally and prior had minimal or no diagnosable psychopathology. This novel framework warrants further study. There is a wealth of data to support that select personality traits, for example negative affectivity, provides a diathesis for the development of a wide range of mental disorders (Widiger and Trull 1992). Therefore, we hypothesize that individuals who develop PTED have, at a minimum, a diathesis or trait disposition to experience embitterment even if there are no diagnosable psychiatric conditions per se.


Suicide Attempt Suicidal Behavior Personality Disorder Reactive Aggression Consult Clin Psychol 
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© Springer-Verlag Wien 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth R. Conner
    • 1
  • Robert L. Weisman
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Rochester Medical Center Department of PsychiatryRochester, New YorkUSA
  2. 2.University of RochesterMedical Center Department of PsychiatryRochester, NYUSA

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