Advertisement

Embitterment pp 208-219 | Cite as

Wisdom psychotherapy

  • Barbara Lieberei
  • Michael Linden

Abstract

Almost every person has a notion of what wisdom is and who can be called wise. Because of the culturally rich meaning and heritage of wisdom, it is not easy to define and operationalize wisdom as a scientifically grounded psychological construct. Still, there has been great progress in this respect in the context of life span psychology (Baltes and Smith 1990; Baltes and Staudinger 1993; Staudinger et al. 1997; Staudinger and Baltes 1996; Sternberg 1998; Baltes and Staudinger 2000; Böhmig-Krumhaar et al. 2002; Ardelt 2004).

Keywords

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Emotional Intelligence Negative Life Event Basic Belief Life Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ardelt M (2003) Empirical assessment of a three-dimensional wisdom scale. Res Ageing 25(3):275–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ardelt M (2004) Wisdom as expert knowledge system: A critical review of a contemporary operationalization of an ancient concept. Hum Dev 47:257–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baltes PB, Smith J (1990) Weisheit und Weisheitsentwicklung: Prolegomena zu einer psychologischen Weisheitstheorie. Z Entwicklungspsychol Pädagog Psychol 22:95–135Google Scholar
  4. Baltes PB, Staudinger UM (1993) The search for a psychology of wisdom. Curr Dir Psychol Sci 2:75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baltes PB, Staudinger UM (2000) Wisdom. A metaheuristic (pragmatic) to orchestrate mind and virtue toward excellence. Am Psychol 55:122–136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baltes PB, Glück J, Kunzmann U (2002) Wisdom: Its structure and function in regulating successful life span development. In: Snyder CR, Lopez SJ (eds) Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 327–347Google Scholar
  7. Baumann K, Linden M (2008) Weisheitskompetenzen und Weisheitstherapie. Pabst Verlag, LengerichGoogle Scholar
  8. Baumann K, Linden M, Rotter M (2009) Kompetenzen zur Bewältigung belastender Lebensereignisse und der Schutz vor Anpassungsstörungen. J Neurol Neurochirur Psychiatrie 10:82–86Google Scholar
  9. Böhmig-Krumhaar SA (1998) Leistungspotentiale wert-relativierenden Denkens: Die Rolle wissensaktivierender Gedächtnisstrategie. Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung Studien und Berichte, Bd. 65, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  10. Böhmig-Krumhaar SA, Staudinger UM, Baltes PB (2002) Mehr Toleranz tut Not: Lässt sich wert-relativierendes Wissen und Urteilen mit Hilfe einer wissensaktivierenden Gedächtnisstrategie verbessern? Z Entwicklungspsychol Pädagog Psychol 34:30–43Google Scholar
  11. Chinen AB (1984) Modal logic: A new paradigm of development and late-life potential. Hum Dev 27:42–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clayton V, Birren JE (1980) The development of wisdom across the life span: A reexamination of an ancient topic. In: Baltes PB, Brim JOG (eds) Life-span development and behavior, vol 3. Academic Press, New York, pp 103–135Google Scholar
  13. Dittmann-Kohli F, Baltes PB (1990) Toward a neofunctional conception of adult intellectual development: Wisdom as a prototypical case of intellectual growth. In: Alexander CN, Langer EJ (eds) Higher stages of human development. Perspectives on adult growth. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 54–78Google Scholar
  14. Linden M, Hautzinger M (2005) Verhaltenstherapie. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Linden M, Baumann K, Schippan B (2006) Weisheitstherapie. Kognitive Therapie der Posttraumatischen Verbitterungsstörung. In: Maercker A, Rosner R (eds) Psychotherapie der posttraumatischen Belastungsstörungen. Thieme, pp 208–227Google Scholar
  16. Linden M, Rotter M, Baumann K, Lieberei B (2007) Posttraumatic Embitterment Disorder. Huber, BernGoogle Scholar
  17. Linden M (2008) Posttraumatic embitterment disorder and wisdom therapy. J Cogn Psychotherapy 22:4–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Maercker A (ed) (1997) Therapie der posttraumatischen Belastungsstörungen. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  19. Mayer JD, Salovey P (1995) Emotional intelligence and the construction and regulation of feelings. Appl Prevent Psychol 4:197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mayer JD, Salovey P (1997) What is emotional intelligence? In: Salovey P, Sluyter D (eds) Emotional Development and Emotional Intelligence: Implications for Educators. Basic Books, New York, pp 3–31Google Scholar
  21. Mayer JD, Salovey P, Caruso DR (2004) Emotional intelligence: Theory, findings, and implications. Psychol Inquiry 3:197–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schippan B, Baumann K, Linden M (2004) Weisheitstherapie — kognitive Therapie der posttraumatischen Verbitterungsstörung. Verhaltenstherapie 14:284–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Staudinger, UM, Baltes PB (1996a) Weisheit als Gegenstand psychologischer Forschung. Psychol Rundschau 47:1–21Google Scholar
  24. Staudinger UM, Baltes PB (1996b) Interactive minds: A facilitative setting for wisdom-related performance? J Personal Soc Psychol 71:746–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Staudinger UM, Lopez D, Baltes PB (1997) The psychometric location of wisdom-related performance: Intelligence, personality, and more? Pers Soc Psychol Bull 23:1200–1214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sternberg RJ (1990) (ed) Wisdom: Its nature, origins, and development. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  27. Sternberg RJ (1998) A balance theory of wisdom. Rev Gen Psychol 2:347–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Lieberei
    • 1
  • Michael Linden
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Group Psychosomatic RehabilitationRehabilitation Center Seehof LichterfelderTeltowGermany

Personalised recommendations