Alpinia officinarum Hance 高良姜 (Gaoliangjiang, galangal)

  • Ping DingEmail author


Gaoliangjiang, the rhizoma of Alpinia officinarum Hance in the family of Zingiberaceae, is one of the most popular Chinese herbal medicine. It is native to the Lingnan range in southern China, and cultivated in Guangdong province for food. The medicinal rhizome of A. officinarum is cylindrical, often curved and branched, and is 1–1.5 cm in diameter. The external surface is brownish-red to dark brown, with fine longitudinal wrinkles and grayish sinuous, annular nodes. The cross section is grayish brown and fibrous. The whole rhizome is acrid and pungent. There are about 250 species of genus Alpinia in the world, but A. officinarum is the only legal source recorded in The Pharmacoepia of People’s Republic of China (Pharmacopoeia Committee of P. R. China in Pharmacopoeia of People’s Republic of China. Chemical Industry Publishers, Beijing, 2010 [1]) and historical records of Chinese herbal works. Typically, A. officinarum grows to the height of 40–110 cm. Leaves are sessile or shortly petiolate, blades linear to lanceolate. Terminal racemes are white with red stripes. The fruit is spherical and turn red at maturity. Seeds are brown and packed by the aril (Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science in Flora Repubulicae Popularis Sinicae. Science Press, 1981 [2]).


Duodenal Ulcer Angelica Sinensis Natural Health Product Chronic Superficial Gastritis Cyperus Rotundus 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chinese Materia MedicaGuangzhou University of Chinese MedicineGuangzhouChina

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