The audio-vocal system in song and speech development

  • Wilfried Gruhn


Every young child learns how to speak. However, often music teachers complain that children cannot sing. Both modes — speaking and singing — result in activities of the phonatory system, use the same vocal tract and share the same neural circuits. Therefore, it is manifest to conclude that singing and speaking are based on many commonalities in perception and production.


Simon Effect Mirror Neuron Vocal Tract Premotor Cortex Simon Task 
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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2009

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  • Wilfried Gruhn

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