Global Models of Surface Wave Group Velocity
Measurements of group velocity are derived from phase-velocity dispersion curves and modeled with global laterally-varying isotropic structure. Maps for both Love and Rayleigh waves are created in the period range 35 s to 175 s. The data set of group-velocity measurements includes over 50,000 minor-arc observations and 5,000 major-arc observations. The errors in the measurements are estimated by an empirical method of comparing pairwise-similar paths, resulting in uncertainties which are 20% to 40% of the size of the typical measurement. The models are determined by least-squares inversion for spherical harmonic maps expanded up to degree 40. This parameterization allows for resolution of structures as small as 500 km. The models explain 70–98% of the variance relative to the Preliminary Reference Earth Model (PREM). For the area of Eurasia, the group-velocity maps from this study are compared with those of RITZWOLLER and LEVSHIN (1998). The results of the two studies are in very good agreement, particularly in terms of spatial correlation. The models also agree in amplitude at wavelengths longer than 30 degrees. For shorter wavelengths, the agreement is good only for models at short periods. The global maps are useful for prediction of group arrival times, for revealing tectonic structures, for determination of seismic event locations and source parameters, and as a basis for regional group-velocity studies.
Key wordsSurface waves Love wave Rayleigh waves group velocity tomography
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