The Coevolution of Plants and Animals

  • Claude Martin


Color, form, fragrance and the nectar of flowers are meant to attract pollinating animals. Biology classes have long dealt with the fact that flowers are not random creations, but specifically designed to attract certain animals — insects, birds and bats. The fact that humans also find flowers attractive is a mere side-effect. Surprisingly, science did not’ begin to study the interrelationships between plants and animals systematically until the 1960s. A new concept developed: Coevolution. The term defines interactions which have occurred over the course of evolution between different organisms within an ecosystem. Coevolution is a continuous process of change which leads to the adaptation of one or both organisms.


Seed Dispersal Seed Disperser Shoulder Height Elephant Population Land Conflict 
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Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Martin

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