Modulators of free radical activity in diabetes mellitus: Role of ascorbic acid
Free radical mechanisms are increasingly being implicated in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in diabetes. Various sources of free radicals may modulate oxidative stress in diabetes, including non-enzymatic glycosylation of proteins and monosaccharide autooxidation, polyol pathway activity, indirect production of free radicals through cell damage from other causes, and reduced antioxidant reserve. Ascorbic acid, which may be a principal modulator of free radical activity in diabetes, is shown to be consumed, presumably through free radical scavenging, thus preserving levels of other antioxidants such as glutathione.
KeywordsAscorbic Acid Aldose Reductase Diene Conjugate Polyol Pathway Dehydroascorbic Acid
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