Skip to main content

Effects of Nicotine Gum on Short-Term Memory

  • Chapter

Part of the APS Advances in Pharmacological Sciences book series (APS)

Summary

To investigate the effects of nicotine on memory function, 20 subjects (10 non-smokers and 10 smokers who had been allowed to smoke normally until testing) attended the laboratory at their “preferred nicotine level” and completed a short-term memory task (memory scanning) at set points for 4 hours after the administration of 2mg or 0mg (placebo) nicotine polacrilex gum. The results suggest that nicotine enhanced memory reaction time performance (P>0.01) when subjects were probed for information already present in short-term memory (correct positive responses) but had no effect on reaction time when the information was absent from memory (correct negative responses). It is suggested that nicotine facilitates the processing of stimulus information in short-term memory.

Keywords

  • Nicotine Level
  • Memory Scanning
  • High Speed Scanning
  • Probe Digit
  • Memory Scanning Task

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-0348-7457-1_69
  • Chapter length: 5 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   74.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-0348-7457-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Broadbent, D.E. (1984) The Maltese cross: a new simplistic model for memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7: 55–94

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hindmarch, I., Kerr, J.S., Sherwood, N. (1990) Effects of nicotine gum on psychomotor performance in smokers and non-smokers. psychopharmacology, 100: 535–541

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Houston, J.P., Schneider, N.G., Jarvik, M.E. (1978) Effects of smoking on free recall and organization. American Journal of Psychiatry, 135: 220–222

    Google Scholar 

  • Mangan, G.L., Golding, J.F. (1983) The effects of smoking on memory consolidation. Journal of Psychology, 115: 65–77

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sahakian, B., Jones, G., Levy, R., Gray, J., Warburton, D. (1989) The effects of nicotine on attention, information processing and short-term memory in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type. British Journal of Psychiatry 154: 797–800

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Squire, L.R., Davies, N.P. (1981) The pharmacology of memory: a neurobiological perspective. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 22: 323–356

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sternberg, S. (1966) High speed scanning in human memory. Science 153: 652–654

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wesnes, K., Warburton, D. (1983) Smoking, nicotine and human performance. Pharmacology and Therapeutics 21: 189–208

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1991 Birkhäuser Verlag Basel

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Sherwood, N., Kerr, J.S., Hindmarch, I. (1991). Effects of Nicotine Gum on Short-Term Memory. In: Adlkofer, F., Thurau, K. (eds) Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems. APS Advances in Pharmacological Sciences. Birkhäuser Basel. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-7457-1_69

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-7457-1_69

  • Publisher Name: Birkhäuser Basel

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-0348-7459-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-0348-7457-1

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive