Advertisement

Age and Time Correlation of Sediments

  • Reinhart A. Gygi
Chapter

Abstract

Pellets of mature, pure glauconite from the thin beds at the base of the Upper Jurassic Series in Canton Schaffhausen in northernmost Switzerland were dated with the K-Ar method for the first time by Gygi and McDowell (1970) and again by Fischer and Gygi (1989). The ages that were calculated by Fischer in Fischer and Gygi (1989, Fig. 3) were measured in glauconite pellets which were excavated from section RG 81b near Gächlingen. Section RG 81b is shown in Fig. 8.3 in this study. Pellets large enough to be separated from predominantly argillaceous sediment occur in this section in bed no. 11 called Glaukonitsandmergel Bed (GSM in the lower right of Fig. 1.5), in bed no. 13 called Mumienmergel Bed (MUM), and in the unnamed bed no. 15 of section RG 81b. The biochronologic ages of the radiometrically dated beds range from the Cordatum to the Transversarium Chron. These beds include an abundant and diverse assemblage of well-preserved ammonite casts. Glauconite pellets occur in section RG 81b both in the mainly argillaceous matrix of the sediments and within calcareous steinkerns (casts) of ammonites within the same beds. The dated glauconite pellets from the matrix of the sediment can be assumed to be practically coeval with the glauconite pellets within ammonite casts. Therefore, it was possible to assign radiometric ages with the best accuracy that could be achieved at the time directly to some particularly well-preserved casts of ammonites, which were identified and figured by Gygi in the paper by Fischer and Gygi (1989, Figs. 4–6).

Keywords

Zonal Index Ammonite Zone Faunal Province Disused Quarry Reuchenette Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bert, D., 2004, Révision, étude systématique et évolution du genre Gregoryceras SPATH, 1924 (Ammonoidea, Oxfordien): Annales du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle de Nice, tome XIX, p. 1-182.Google Scholar
  2. Bert, d., énay, r. and Atrops, f., 2009, Les Gregoryceras (Ammonitina) de l’Oxfordien moyen terminal et supérieur téthysien: révision systématique, biostratigraphie et évolution: Geobios, v. 42, p. 451-493.Google Scholar
  3. Callomon, j. h., 1960, New sections in the Corallian Beds around Oxford, and the subzones of the Plicatilis Zone. Proceedings of the Geologist’s Association, London, v. 71, part 2, p.177-208.Google Scholar
  4. Cariou, e., and Hantzpergue, p., coord., 1997, Biostratigraphie du Jurassique ouest-européen et méditerranéen. Zonations parallèles et distribution des invertébrés et microfossiles: Bulletin du Centre de Recherches Elf Exploration et Production, Pau, Mémoire 17, 422 p.Google Scholar
  5. El Albani, a., meunier, a., and Fürsich, f., 2005, Unusual occurrence of glauconite in a shallow lagoonal environment (Lower Cretaceous, northern Aquitaine Basin, SW France): Terra Nova, v. 17, no. 6, p. 537-544.Google Scholar
  6. énay, r., 1964, Les faunes d’ammonites et la zonation de l’Oxfordien supérieur du Jura méridional: Colloque du Jurassique Luxembourg 1962, volume des comptes rendus et mémoires de l’institut grand-ducal, section des sciences naturelles, physiques et mathématiques, p. 487-501. St. Paul, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  7. énay, R., 1966, L’Oxfordien dans la moitié sud du Jura français: Nouvelles Archives du Musée d’Histoire naturelle de Lyon, v. 8, no. 1-2, p. 1-624.Google Scholar
  8. énay, r., and Gygi, r., 2001, Les ammonites de la zone à Bifurcatus (Jurassique supérieur, Oxfordien) de Hinterstein, près de Oberehrendingen (canton d’Argovie, Suisse): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 94, p. 447-487.Google Scholar
  9. Favre, E., 1876, Description des fossiles du terrain oxfordien des Alpes fribourgeoises: Mémoires de la société paléontologique suisse, v. 3, p. 1-76.Google Scholar
  10. Fischer, h., and Gygi, r., 1989, Numerical and biochronological time scales correlated at the ammonite subzone level; K-Ar, Rb-Sr ages, and Sr, Nd, and Pb sea-water isotopes in an Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) succession of northern Switzerland: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1584-1597.Google Scholar
  11. Gradstein, f. m., ogg, j. g., and Smith, A. G., 2004, A geologic time scale 2004: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 589 p.Google Scholar
  12. Gygi, r. a., 1966, Über das zeitliche Verhältnis zwischen der transversarium-Zone in der Schweiz und der plicatilis-Zone in England (Unt. Malm, Jura): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 59, no. 2, p. 935-942.Google Scholar
  13. Gygi, r. a., 1969, Zur Stratigraphie der Oxford-Stufe (oberes Jura-System) der Nordschweiz und des süddeutschen Grenzgebietes: Beiträge zur geologischen Karte der Schweiz, Neue Folge, v. 136, p. 1-123.Google Scholar
  14. Gygi, r. a., 1977, Revision der Ammonitengattung Gregoryceras (Aspidoceratidae) aus dem Oxfordian (Oberer Jura) der Nordschweiz und von Süddeutschland. Taxonomie, Phylogenie, Stratigraphie: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 70, no. 2, p. 435-542.Google Scholar
  15. Gygi, r. a., 1981, Oolitic iron formations: marine or not marine?: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 74, no. 1, p. 233-254.Google Scholar
  16. Gygi, r. a., 1990a, The Oxfordian ammonite succession near Liesberg BE and Péry BE, northern Switzerland: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 83, no. 1, p. 177-199.Google Scholar
  17. Gygi, r. a., 1990d, The ammonoid genus Gregoryceras (Oxfordian, Late Jurassic) in the Monti Lessini, Province of Verona, Italy: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 83, no. 3, p. 799-812.Google Scholar
  18. Gygi, r. a., 1991a, Proposed validation of the specific names crenatus Bruguiere, 1798, and renggeri Oppel, 1863 (Class Cephalopoda, Order Ammonoidea) from the Oxfordian Stage of the Upper Jurassic: Paläontologische Zeitschrift, v. 65, no. 1/2, p. 119-125.Google Scholar
  19. Gygi, R. A., 1991b, Die vertikale Verbreitung der Ammonitengattungen Glochiceras, Creniceras und Bukowskites im Späten Jura der Nordschweiz und im angrenzenden Süddeutschland: Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie), no. 179, p. 1-41.Google Scholar
  20. Gygi, r. a., 1995, Datierung von Seichtwassersedimenten des Späten Jura in der Nordwestschweiz mit Ammoniten: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 88, no. 1, p. 1-58.Google Scholar
  21. Gygi, r. a., 1998, Taxonomy of perisphinctid ammonites of the early Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) from near Herznach, Canton Aargau, Switzerland: Palaeontographica, Abteilung A, v. 251, p. 1-37.Google Scholar
  22. Gygi, R. A., 2000a, Integrated stratigraphy of the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland and adjacent southern Germany: Memoirs of the Swiss Academy of Sciences, v. 104, 151 p.Google Scholar
  23. Gygi, r. a., 2000c, Zone boundaries and subzones of the Transversarium Ammonite Zone (Oxfordian, Late Jurassic) in the reference section of the zone, northern Switzerland. In: Advances in Jurassic research 2000 (edited by Hall, R. L., and Smith, P. L.), Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on the Jurassic System, Vancouver 1998. GeoResearch Forum, v. 6, p. 77-83.Google Scholar
  24. Gygi, R. A., 2001, Perisphinctacean ammonites of the type Transversarium Zone (Middle Oxfordian, Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland: Schweizerische Paläontologische Abhandlungen, v. 122, p. 1-169.Google Scholar
  25. Gygi, R. A., 2003, Perisphinctacean ammonites of the Late Jurassic in northern Switzerland: a versatile tool to investigate the sedimentary geology of an epicontinental sea: Schweizerische Paläontologische Abhandlungen, v. 123, v. p. 1-232.Google Scholar
  26. Gygi, r. a., and McDowell, F., 1970, Potassium-argon ages of glauconites from a biochronologically dated Upper Jurassic sequence of northern Switzerland: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 63, no. 1, p. 111-118.Google Scholar
  27. Gygi, r. a., sadati, s.-m., and Zeiss, a., 1979, Neue Funde von Paraspidoceras (Ammonoidea) aus dem Oberen Jura von Mitteleuropa - Taxonomie, Ökologie, Stratigraphie: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 72, no. 3, p. 897-952.Google Scholar
  28. Gygi, r. a., and Marchand, D., 1982, Les faunes de Cardioceratinae (Ammonoidea) du Callovien terminal et de l’Oxfordien inférieur et moyen (Jurassique) de la Suisse septentrionale: Stratigraphie, paléoécologie, taxonomie préliminaire: Geobios, v. 15, no. 4, p. 517-571.Google Scholar
  29. Gygi, r. a., and Persoz, f., 1986, Mineralostratigraphy, litho- and biostratigraphy combined in correlation of the Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) formations of the Swiss Jura range: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 79, no. 2, p. 385-454.Google Scholar
  30. Gygi, r. a., and Persoz, f. 1987, The epicontinental sea of Swabia (southern Germany) in the Late Jurassic - factors controlling sedimentation: Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, v. 176, no. 1, p. 49-65.Google Scholar
  31. Gygi, r. a., and Hillebrandt, a. von, 1991, Ammonites (mainly Gregoryceras) of the Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) in northern Chile and time-correlation with Europe: Schweizerische Paläontologische Abhandlungen, v. 113, p. 135-185.Google Scholar
  32. Gygi, r. a., coe, a. l., and Vail, P. R., 1998, Sequence stratigraphy of the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland. In: Mesozoic-Cenozoic sequence stratigraphy of European basins (edited by De graciansky, p. c., hardenbol, j., jacquin, t., and Vail, P. R.). SEPM (Society of sedimentary Geology) Special Publication no. 60, p. 527-544.Google Scholar
  33. Hauerstein, G., 1966, Perisphinctes (Arisphinctes) aus der Plicatilis-Zone (Mittel-Oxfordium) von Blumberg/Südbaden (Taxionomie; Stratigraphie). Ph. D. thesis, University of München, 112 p.Google Scholar
  34. Hedberg, h. D., ed., 1976, International Stratigraphic Guide: Wiley, New York, 200 p.Google Scholar
  35. Heim, arn., 1934, Stratigraphische Kondensation: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 27, no. 2, p. 372-383.Google Scholar
  36. Hostettler, b., 2006, Die fossilen regulären Echiniden der Günsberg-Formation: Diplomarbeit University of Bern.Google Scholar
  37. Jank, M., Wetzel, a., and Meyer, c. a., 2006, The Late Jurassic sea-level fluctuations in NW Switzerland (Late Oxfordian to Late Kimmeridgian): closing the gap between the Boreal and Tethyan realm in Western Europe: Facies, vol. 52, p. 487-519.Google Scholar
  38. Jeannet, A., 1951, Stratigraphie und Palaeontologie des oolithischen Eisenerzlagers von Herznach und seiner Umgebung (1. Teil): Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, geotechnische Serie, v. 13, no. 5, p. 1-240.Google Scholar
  39. Mangold, c., and Gygi, R. A., 1997, Bathonian ammonites from Canton Aargau, northern Switzerland: Stratigraphy, taxonomy, and biogeography: Geobios, v. 30, no. 4, p. 497-518.Google Scholar
  40. Marchand, d., gygi, r. a., bonnot, a., and Fortwengler, d., 2000, Les ammonites du Callovien terminal (zone à lamberti) et de l’Oxfordien basal (zone à mariae) d’Argovie (Suisse septentrionale) : Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève, v. 19, no. 1, p. 179-189.Google Scholar
  41. Moesch, c., 1863, Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ergebnisse der im Sommer 1862 ausgeführten Untersuchungen im Weissen Jura der Kantone Solothurn und Bern: Verhandlungen der schweizerischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Luzern 1862, p. 156-168.Google Scholar
  42. Moesch, c., 1867, Geologische Beschreibung des Aargauer Jura und der nördlichen Gebiete des Kantons Zürich: Beiträge zur geologischen Karte der Schweiz, v. 4, p. 1-319.Google Scholar
  43. Notz, R., 1924, Geologische Untersuchungen an der östlichen Lägern. Ph. D. thesis, University of Zürich, 58 p.Google Scholar
  44. Ogg, j. g., ogg, g., and Gradstein, F. M., 2010, The concise geologic time scale. Reprint of 2008: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 177 p.Google Scholar
  45. Oppel, A., 1863, Palaentologische Mittheilungen aus dem Museum des koeniglich-bayerischen Staates. III. Ueber jurassische Cephalopoden (Fortsetzung), p. 163-266.Google Scholar
  46. Oppel, a., and Waagen, W., 1866, Über die Zone des Ammonites transversarius: Geognostisch-paläontologische Beiträge, v. 1, no. 2, p. 207-318.Google Scholar
  47. Quenstedt, f. a., 1846-49, Petrefactenkunde Deutschlands, 1. Abteilung, 1: Cephalopoden: Fues, Tübingen.Google Scholar
  48. Salvador, A., ed., 1994, International stratigraphic guide, second edition: Geological Society of America, Boulder, 214 p.Google Scholar
  49. Schmidt-kaler, h., 1961, Stratigraphische und tektonische Untersuchungen im Malm des nordöstlichen Riesrahmens (Auszug): Geologische Blätter für Nordost-Bayern und angrenzende Gebiete, v. 11, p. 190-200.Google Scholar
  50. Strasser, a., hillgärtner, h., hug, w., and Pittet, b., 2000, Third-order depositional sequences reflecting Milankovitch cyclicity: Terra Nova, v. 12, p. 303-311.Google Scholar
  51. Strasser, a., 2007, Astronomical time scale for the Middle Oxfordian to Late Kimmeridgian in the Swiss and French Jura Mountains: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, v. 100, p. 407-429.Google Scholar
  52. Tintant, h., 1959, Études sur les ammonites de l’Oxfordien supérieur de Bourgogne. I - Les genres Platysphinctes nov. et Larcheria nov.: Bulletin scientifique de Bourgogne, v. 19, p. 109-144.Google Scholar
  53. Würtenberger, f. j., and Würtenberger, L., 1866, Der Weisse Jura im Klettgau und angrenzenden Randengebirg: Verhandlungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins Karlsruhe, v. 2, p. 11-68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhart A. Gygi
    • 1
  1. 1.ZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations