Goethite was accreted to crusts of iron ooids when the ooids were rolled at the surface of mud-grade marine sediments of Late Jurassic age in the region investigated from a minimal water paleodepth of about 10 m in a time equivalent of the uppermost Liesberg Member (Gygi 2003, p. 176), and down to a depth of approximately 100 m in the Schellenbrücke Bed in northeastern Canton Aargau (Figs. 4.10 and 4.11). The Lamberti Bed in Canton Schaffhausen and near Blumberg in adjacent southern Germany includes brown iron ooids, like in bed no. 20 of section RG 87 in the landslide of Bleiche on the western slope of Mt. Eichberg northwest of Blumberg (Gygi 1969, Pl. 16). Very fine-grained glauconite was found in the Vorbourg Member, which is a sediment from the intertidal and shallow subtidal zone in the lowermost Vellerat Formation. The same type of glauconite occurs in a thin-section from bed no. 23 in section RG 340 in a quarry at La Rasse south of Porrentruy in Canton Jura (Gygi 2000a, Pl. 17). Bed no. 23 of this section is a sediment of probably the Evolutum Chron from very shallow water in the lower Reuchenette Formation. Very fine-grained, light-green glauconite was found in a thin-section of limestone bed no. 18 in section RG 434 in the eastern quarry of Steingrueben, which is 2 km west-northwest of Oberdorf in Canton Solothurn (Gygi 2000a, Pl. 42). This slightly glauconitic bed in the Reuchenette Formation is directly above an ancient tidal flat with sauropod footprints. The age of this bed is probably the Caletanum (or Eudoxus) Chron. El Albani et al. (2005) found and identified glauconite in beds of lagoonal Purbeck facies (Early Cretaceous) in southwestern France. Glauconite occurs in the Crenularis Member of the Villigen Formation in Canton Aargau, which was sedimented at a water depth approaching 30 m. An aggregate with a blurred outline of submicroscopic glauconite crystals was found to have grown from the center outward in an isolated echinoderm ossicle in bed no. 32 of the Knollen Bed in section RG 79 in the quarry at Tenggibuck near Neunkirch in Canton Schaffhausen (Fig. 4.1E). The depth of deposition of the Knollen Bed near Neunkirch can be estimated at 80 m. Larger and mature, cauliflower pellets of pure glauconite with a clear-cut outline of the pellets were formed in thin beds which were sedimented at a particularly low rate on the basin floor from a minimal water paleodepth of about 100 m downward (Fig. 4.1A, B, C). These glauconite pellets are what Odin and Matter (1981, Fig. 4 C) called highly-evolved glaucony.


Carbonate Platform Siliceous Sponge Hermatypic Coral Sand Bank Epicontinental Basin 
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Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhart A. Gygi
    • 1
  1. 1.ZürichSwitzerland

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