Advertisement

Abstract

Goethite was accreted to crusts of iron ooids when the ooids were rolled at the surface of mud-grade marine sediments of Late Jurassic age in the region investigated from a minimal water paleodepth of about 10 m in a time equivalent of the uppermost Liesberg Member (Gygi 2003, p. 176), and down to a depth of approximately 100 m in the Schellenbrücke Bed in northeastern Canton Aargau (Figs. 4.10 and 4.11). The Lamberti Bed in Canton Schaffhausen and near Blumberg in adjacent southern Germany includes brown iron ooids, like in bed no. 20 of section RG 87 in the landslide of Bleiche on the western slope of Mt. Eichberg northwest of Blumberg (Gygi 1969, Pl. 16). Very fine-grained glauconite was found in the Vorbourg Member, which is a sediment from the intertidal and shallow subtidal zone in the lowermost Vellerat Formation. The same type of glauconite occurs in a thin-section from bed no. 23 in section RG 340 in a quarry at La Rasse south of Porrentruy in Canton Jura (Gygi 2000a, Pl. 17). Bed no. 23 of this section is a sediment of probably the Evolutum Chron from very shallow water in the lower Reuchenette Formation. Very fine-grained, light-green glauconite was found in a thin-section of limestone bed no. 18 in section RG 434 in the eastern quarry of Steingrueben, which is 2 km west-northwest of Oberdorf in Canton Solothurn (Gygi 2000a, Pl. 42). This slightly glauconitic bed in the Reuchenette Formation is directly above an ancient tidal flat with sauropod footprints. The age of this bed is probably the Caletanum (or Eudoxus) Chron. El Albani et al. (2005) found and identified glauconite in beds of lagoonal Purbeck facies (Early Cretaceous) in southwestern France. Glauconite occurs in the Crenularis Member of the Villigen Formation in Canton Aargau, which was sedimented at a water depth approaching 30 m. An aggregate with a blurred outline of submicroscopic glauconite crystals was found to have grown from the center outward in an isolated echinoderm ossicle in bed no. 32 of the Knollen Bed in section RG 79 in the quarry at Tenggibuck near Neunkirch in Canton Schaffhausen (Fig. 4.1E). The depth of deposition of the Knollen Bed near Neunkirch can be estimated at 80 m. Larger and mature, cauliflower pellets of pure glauconite with a clear-cut outline of the pellets were formed in thin beds which were sedimented at a particularly low rate on the basin floor from a minimal water paleodepth of about 100 m downward (Fig. 4.1A, B, C). These glauconite pellets are what Odin and Matter (1981, Fig. 4 C) called highly-evolved glaucony.

Keywords

Carbonate Platform Siliceous Sponge Hermatypic Coral Sand Bank Epicontinental Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbink, o., targarona, j., brinkhuis, h. and Visscher, h., 2001, Late Jurassic to earliest Cretaceous palaeoclimatic evolution of the southern North Sea: Global and Planetary Change, v. 30, p. 231-256.Google Scholar
  2. Aldinger, h., 1957a, Summary of the opinions about the mode of formation of oolitic ironstones, which were read before the annual convention of the Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft on May 10 and11 at Stuttgart, Germany: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, vol. 109, no. 1, p. 2-6 (in German).Google Scholar
  3. Aldinger, H., 1957b, Zur Entstehung der Eisenoolithe im Schwäbischen Jura: Zeitschrift der Geologischen Gesellschaft, v. 109, no. 1, p. 7-9.Google Scholar
  4. Aldinger, h., and Frank, M., 1943, Vorkommen und Entstehung der südwestdeutschen jurassischen Eisenerze: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Abteilung B, Geologie Paläontologie, vol. 88, no. 2, p. 293-336.Google Scholar
  5. Allenbach, R., 2002, The ups and downs of “tectonic quiescence” - recognizing differential subsidence in the epicontinental sea of the Oxfordian in the Swiss Jura Mountains: Sedimentary Geology, v. 150, p. 323-342.Google Scholar
  6. Arkell, W. J., 1933, The Jurassic System in Great Britain: Clarendon Press, Oxford, 681 p.Google Scholar
  7. Bathurst, r. g. c., 1959, Diagenesis in Mississippian calcilutites and pseudobreccias: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 29, no. 3, p. 365-376.Google Scholar
  8. Berger, J.-P., 1986, Dinoflagellates of the Callovian-Oxfordian boundary of the “Liesberg-Dorf” quarry (Berner Jura), Switzerland: Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, v. 172, no. 3, p. 331-355.Google Scholar
  9. Bitterli-dreher, p., 1979, Cyclic sedimentation in the upper Bathonian-Callovian of the Swiss Jura Mountains: Association des Sédimentologues Français, Publication spéciale no. 1, p. 99-109.Google Scholar
  10. Böhlke, j. and Chaplin, c. c. g., 1970 (second printing), Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters: Livingston Publishing Company, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania, 771 p.Google Scholar
  11. Bolliger, W., and Burri, P., 1970, Sedimentologie von Schelf-Carbonaten und Beckenablagerungen im Oxfordien des zentralen Schweizer Jura: Beiträge zur geologischen Karte der Schweiz, Neue Folge, v. 140, p. 1-96.Google Scholar
  12. Bonnot, a. and Gygi, r. a., 1998, Les Euaspidoceratinae (Ammonitina, Aspidoceratidae) d’Herznach (Suisse septentrionale) à la fin de la zone à Cordatum (Oxfordien inférieur): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 91, p. 493-512.Google Scholar
  13. Bonnot, A., and GYgi, R. A., 2001, Les Euaspidoceratinae (Ammonitina, Aspidoceratidae) de la zone à Transversarium (Oxfordien moyen) de Suisse septentrionale (cantons d’Argovie et de Schaffhouse): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 94, no. 3, p. 427-445.Google Scholar
  14. Brett, c. e. and Baird, G. C., 1986, Comparative taphonomy: A key to paleoenvironmental interpretation based on fossil preservation: Palaios, v. 1, p. 207-227.Google Scholar
  15. Brindley, g. w., bailey, s. w., faust, g. t., forman, s. a., and Rich, c. i., 1968, Report of the Nomenclature Committee of the Clay Minerals Society: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 16, p. 322-324.Google Scholar
  16. Burkhalter, R. M., 1995, Ooidal ironstones and ferruginous microbialites: origin and relation to sequence stratigraphy (Aalenian and Bajocian, Swiss Jura mountains): Sedimentology, v. 42, p. 57-74.Google Scholar
  17. Callomon, J. H., 1964, Notes on the Callovian and Oxfordian Stages: Colloque du Jurassique Luxembourg 1962, volume des comptes rendus et mémoires de l’institut grand-ducal, section des sciences naturelles, physiques et mathématiques, p. 269-291. St. Paul, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  18. Carroll, D., 1958, Role of clay minerals in the transportation of iron: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 14, p. 1-28.Google Scholar
  19. Carte géologique de la france à 1/50 000, no. 474 Montbéliard, avec note explicative, 1973.Google Scholar
  20. Charlton, D. S., 1969, Intertidal zonation of Bermuda’s rocky shores as an indicator of tide range and wave energy: Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Special Publication no. 2, p. 27-34.Google Scholar
  21. Cloud, P. E., 1955, Physical limits of glauconite formation: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 39, no. 4, p. 484-492.Google Scholar
  22. Collin, p. y., loreau, j. p., and Courville, p., 2005, Depositional environments and iron ooid formation in condensed sections (Callovian-Oxfordian, south-eastern Paris basin, France): Sedimentology, v. 52, p. 969-985.Google Scholar
  23. Crevello, p. d., and Schlager, w., 1980, Carbonate debris sheets and turbidites, Exuma Sound, Bahamas: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 50, no. 4, p. 1121-1148.Google Scholar
  24. Dietl, g., and Gygi, R., 1998, Die Basis des Callovian (Mittlerer Jura) bei Liesberg BL, Nordschweiz: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 91, p. 247-260.Google Scholar
  25. Eardley, a. j., 1938, Sediments of Great Salt Lake, Utah: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 22, no. 10, p. 1305-1411.Google Scholar
  26. Ekdale, a. a., and Mason, t. r., 1988, Characteristic trace-fossil associations in oxygen-poor sedimentary environments: Geology, v. 16, no. 8, p. 720-723.Google Scholar
  27. El Albani, a., meunier, a., and Fürsich, f., 2005, Unusual occurrence of glauconite in a shallow lagoonal environment (Lower Cretaceous, northern Aquitaine Basin, SW France): Terra Nova, v. 17, no. 6, p. 537-544.Google Scholar
  28. énay, R., 1966, L’Oxfordien dans la moitié sud du Jura français: Nouvelles Archives du Musée d’Histoire naturelle de Lyon, v. 8, no. 1-2, p. 1-624.Google Scholar
  29. énay, r., and Gygi, r., 2001, Les ammonites de la zone à Bifurcatus (Jurassique supérieur, Oxfordien) de Hinterstein, près de Oberehrendingen (canton d’Argovie, Suisse): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 94, p. 447-487.Google Scholar
  30. étallon, M. A., 1862, Etudes paléontologiques sur le Haut-Jura. Monographie du Callovien: Mémoires de la Société d’Emulation du Doubs, sér. 3, v. 6, p. 53-260.Google Scholar
  31. Favre, E., 1876, Description des fossiles du terrain oxfordien des Alpes fribourgeoises: Mémoires de la société paléontologique suisse, v. 3, p. 1-76.Google Scholar
  32. Fischer, H., 1965, Oberer Dogger und unterer Malm des Berner Jura: Tongruben von Liesberg. In: Schaub. H., and Luterbacher, h. (ed.): Proceedings of the 9th European congress on micropaleontology: Bulletin der Vereinigung Schweizerischer Petrol-Geologen und -Ingenieuren, v. 31, p. 25-36.Google Scholar
  33. Fischer, h., and Gygi, r., 1989, Numerical and biochronological time scales correlated at the ammonite subzone level; K-Ar, Rb-Sr ages, and Sr, Nd, and Pb sea-water isotopes in an Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) succession of northern Switzerland: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1584-1597.Google Scholar
  34. Galliher, e. w., 1935, Geology of glauconite: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 19, p. 1569-1601.Google Scholar
  35. Ghasemi-nejad, e., sarjeant, w. a. s., and Gygi, r. a., 1999, Palynology and paleoenvironment of the uppermost Bathonian and Oxfordian (Jurassic) of the northern Switzerland sedimentary basin: Schweizerische paläontologische Abhandlungen, v. 119, p. 1-69.Google Scholar
  36. Grün, w., and Zweili, f., 1980, Das kalkige Nannoplankton der Dogger/Malm-Grenze im Berner Jura bei Liesberg (Schweiz): Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (Wien), v. 123, no. 1, 231-341.Google Scholar
  37. Gwinner, M. P., 1962, Geologie des Weissen Jura der Albhochfläche (Württemberg): Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, v. 115, no. 2, p. 137-221.Google Scholar
  38. Gygi, r. a., 1966, Über das zeitliche Verhältnis zwischen der transversarium-Zone in der Schweiz und der plicatilis-Zone in England (Unt. Malm, Jura): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 59, no. 2, p. 935-942.Google Scholar
  39. Gygi, r. a., 1969, Zur Stratigraphie der Oxford-Stufe (oberes Jura-System) der Nordschweiz und des süddeutschen Grenzgebietes: Beiträge zur geologischen Karte der Schweiz, Neue Folge, v. 136, p. 1-123.Google Scholar
  40. Gygi, r. a., 1970, Coral reefs in Bermuda today, and in the Jura Mountains 140 million years ago: Sandoz Bulletin, v. 16, p. 21-40.Google Scholar
  41. Gygi, r. a., 1973, Tektonik des Tafel- und Faltenjura vom Rhein bei Koblenz bis nach Wildegg. Schichtfolge von der Trias bis ins Tertiär: Jahresberichte und Mitteilungen des oberrheinischen geologischen Vereins, Neue Folge, v. 55, p. 13-22.Google Scholar
  42. Gygi, r. a., 1975, Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre), the Stoplight Parrotfish, a major sediment producer on coral reefs of Bermuda?: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 68, no. 2, p. 327-359.Google Scholar
  43. Gygi, r. a., 1977, Revision der Ammonitengattung Gregoryceras (Aspidoceratidae) aus dem Oxfordian (Oberer Jura) der Nordschweiz und von Süddeutschland. Taxonomie, Phylogenie, Stratigraphie: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 70, no. 2, p. 435-542.Google Scholar
  44. Gygi, r. a., 1981, Oolitic iron formations: marine or not marine?: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 74, no. 1, p. 233-254.Google Scholar
  45. Gygi, r. a., 1986, Eustatic sea level changes of the Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) and their effect documented in sediments and fossil assemblages of an epicontinental sea: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 79, no. 2, p. 455-491.Google Scholar
  46. Gygi, r. a., 1990a, The Oxfordian ammonite succession near Liesberg BE and Péry BE, northern Switzerland: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 83, no. 1, p. 177-199.Google Scholar
  47. Gygi, r. a., 1990c, Die Paläogeographie im Oxfordium und frühesten Kimmeridgium in der Nordschweiz: Jahreshefte des geologischen Landesamts Baden-Württemberg, v. 32, p. 207-222.Google Scholar
  48. Gygi, R. A., 1991b, Die vertikale Verbreitung der Ammonitengattungen Glochiceras, Creniceras und Bukowskites im Späten Jura der Nordschweiz und im angrenzenden Süddeutschland: Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie), no. 179, p. 1-41.Google Scholar
  49. Gygi, r. a., 1992, Structure, pattern of distribution and paleobathymetry of Late Jurassic microbialites (stromatolites and oncoids) in northern Switzerland: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 85, no. 3, p. 799-842.Google Scholar
  50. Gygi, r. a., 1995, Datierung von Seichtwassersedimenten des Späten Jura in der Nordwestschweiz mit Ammoniten: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 88, no. 1, p. 1-58.Google Scholar
  51. Gygi, r. a., 1998, Taxonomy of perisphinctid ammonites of the early Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) from near Herznach, Canton Aargau, Switzerland: Palaeontographica, Abteilung A, v. 251, p. 1-37.Google Scholar
  52. Gygi, r. a., 1999, Ammonite ecology in Late Jurassic time in northern Switzerland: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 92, no. 1, p. 129-137.Google Scholar
  53. Gygi, R. A., 2000a, Integrated stratigraphy of the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland and adjacent southern Germany: Memoirs of the Swiss Academy of Sciences, v. 104, 151 p.Google Scholar
  54. Gygi, R. A., 2000b, Annotated index of lithostratigraphic units currently used in the Upper Jurassic of northern Switzerland: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 93, no. 1, p. 125-146.Google Scholar
  55. Gygi, R. A., 2001, Perisphinctacean ammonites of the type Transversarium Zone (Middle Oxfordian, Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland: Schweizerische Paläontologische Abhandlungen, v. 122, p. 1-169.Google Scholar
  56. Gygi, R. A., 2003, Perisphinctacean ammonites of the Late Jurassic in northern Switzerland: a versatile tool to investigate the sedimentary geology of an epicontinental sea: Schweizerische Paläontologische Abhandlungen, v. 123, v. p. 1-232.Google Scholar
  57. Gygi, r. a., sadati, s.-m., and Zeiss, a., 1979, Neue Funde von Paraspidoceras (Ammonoidea) aus dem Oberen Jura von Mitteleuropa - Taxonomie, Ökologie, Stratigraphie: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 72, no. 3, p. 897-952.Google Scholar
  58. Gygi, r. a., and Marchand, D., 1982, Les faunes de Cardioceratinae (Ammonoidea) du Callovien terminal et de l’Oxfordien inférieur et moyen (Jurassique) de la Suisse septentrionale: Stratigraphie, paléoécologie, taxonomie préliminaire: Geobios, v. 15, no. 4, p. 517-571.Google Scholar
  59. Gygi, r. a., and Persoz, f., 1986, Mineralostratigraphy, litho- and biostratigraphy combined in correlation of the Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) formations of the Swiss Jura range: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 79, no. 2, p. 385-454.Google Scholar
  60. Gygi, r. a., and Persoz, f. 1987, The epicontinental sea of Swabia (southern Germany) in the Late Jurassic - factors controlling sedimentation: Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, v. 176, no. 1, p. 49-65.Google Scholar
  61. Gygi, r. a., and Marchand, D., 1993, An early Oxfordian ammonite bed in the Terrain à Chailles Member of northern Switzerland and its sequence stratigraphical interpretation: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 86, no. 3, p. 997-1013.Google Scholar
  62. Gygi, r. a., coe, a. l., and Vail, P. R., 1998, Sequence stratigraphy of the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) in northern Switzerland. In: Mesozoic-Cenozoic sequence stratigraphy of European basins (edited by De graciansky, p. c., hardenbol, j., jacquin, t., and Vail, P. R.). SEPM (Society of sedimentary Geology) Special Publication no. 60, p. 527-544.Google Scholar
  63. Hallam, a., 1965, Environmental causes of stunting in living and fossil marine benthonic invertebrates: Palaeontology, v. 8, part 1, p. 132-155.Google Scholar
  64. Harms, j. c., southard, j. b, spearing, d. r., and Walker, r. g, 1975, Depositional environments as interpreted from primary sedimentary structures and stratification sequences: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Short Course 2, 161 p.Google Scholar
  65. Heim, alb., 1932, Bergsturz und Menschenleben: Fretz und Wasmuth, Zürich, 218 p.Google Scholar
  66. Hess, h., 1968, Ein neuer Seestern (Pentasteria longispina n. sp.) aus den Effinger Schichten des Weissensteins (Kt. Solothurn): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 61, no. 2, p. 607-614.Google Scholar
  67. Hjulström, f., 1935, Studies of the morphological activity of rivers as illustrated by the River Fyris: Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Upsala, vol. 25, p. 221-527.Google Scholar
  68. Insalaco, e., 1996b, The use of Late Jurassic coral growth bands as palaeoenvironmental indicators: Palaeontology, v. 39, no. 2, p. 413-431.Google Scholar
  69. James, n. p., and Ginsburg, r. n., 1979, The seaward margin of Belize barrier and atoll reefs: International Association of Sedimentologists, Special Publication no. 3, 191 p.Google Scholar
  70. Jeannet, A., 1951, Stratigraphie und Palaeontologie des oolithischen Eisenerzlagers von Herznach und seiner Umgebung (1. Teil): Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, geotechnische Serie, v. 13, no. 5, p. 1-240.Google Scholar
  71. Kelts, k., and Hsü, k. j., 1980, Resedimented facies of 1875 Horgen slumps in Lake Zürich and a process model of longitudinal transport of turbidity currents: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 73, no. 1, p. 271-281.Google Scholar
  72. Kendall, C. G. St. C., and Alsharhan, A. S., 2011, Holocene geomorphology and recent carbonate-evaporite sedimentation of the coastal region of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. In: Kendall, C. G. St. C. and Alsharhan, A. S., ed., Quaternary carbonate and evaporite sedimentary facies and their ancient analogues: International Association of Sedimentologists, Special Publication Nr. 43, p. 45-88.Google Scholar
  73. Kimberley, M. M., 1979, Origin of oolitic iron formations: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 49, no. 1, p. 111-132.Google Scholar
  74. Kuenen, p. h., 1960, Marine Geology: 3rd printing, Wiley, New York, 551 p.Google Scholar
  75. Lathuilière, b., gaillard, c., habrant, n., bodeur, y., boullier, a., énay, r., hanzo, m., marchand, d., thierry, j., and Werner, w., 2005, Coral zonation of an Oxfordian reef tract in the northern French Jura: Facies, v. 50, p. 545-559.Google Scholar
  76. Macintyre, i. g., and Reid, r. p., 1992, Comment on the origin of aragonite needle mud: a picture is worth a thousand words: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 62, no. 6, p. 1095-1097.Google Scholar
  77. Mangold, c., and Gygi, R. A., 1997, Bathonian ammonites from Canton Aargau, northern Switzerland: Stratigraphy, taxonomy, and biogeography: Geobios, v. 30, no. 4, p. 497-518.Google Scholar
  78. Marchand, d., and Tarkowski, r., 1992, Les ammonites du niveau vert de Zalas (Oxfordien inférieur, Pologne du Sud) : condensation ou concentration des faunes: Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences, v. 40, no. 1, p. 55-65.Google Scholar
  79. Marchand, d., gygi, r. a., bonnot, a., and Fortwengler, d., 2000, Les ammonites du Callovien terminal (zone à lamberti) et de l’Oxfordien basal (zone à mariae) d’Argovie (Suisse septentrionale) : Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève, v. 19, no. 1, p. 179-189.Google Scholar
  80. Meyer, c. a., 1984, Palökologie und Sedimentologie der Echinodermenlagerstätte Schofgraben (mittleres Oxfordian, Weissenstein, Kt. Solothurn): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 77, no. 3, p. 649-673.Google Scholar
  81. Miall, a. d., 1997, The geology of stratigraphic sequences: Springer, Berlin, 433 p.Google Scholar
  82. Milliman, j. d., freile, d., steinen, r. p., and Wilber, r. j., 1993, Great Bahama Bank aragonitic muds: mostly inorganically precipitated, mostly exported: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 63, no. 4, p. 589-595.Google Scholar
  83. Moesch, c., 1867, Geologische Beschreibung des Aargauer Jura und der nördlichen Gebiete des Kantons Zürich: Beiträge zur geologischen Karte der Schweiz, v. 4, p. 1-319.Google Scholar
  84. Moore, g. t., hayashida, d. n., ross, c. a., and Jacobson, s. r., 1992, Paleoclimate of the Kimmeridgian/Tithonian (Late Jurassic) world: I. Results using a general circulation model: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 93, p. 113-150.Google Scholar
  85. Nagra, 1988, Sondierbohrung Weiach, Geologie, Nagra Technischer Bericht 86-01, Text- und Beilage-Band.Google Scholar
  86. Neumann, a. c., 1966, Observation on coastal erosion in Bermuda and measurements of the boring rate of the sponge Cliona lampa: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 11, p. 92-108.Google Scholar
  87. Norris, m. l., and Hallam, A., 1995, Facies variations across the Middle-Upper Jurassic boundary in Western Europe and the relationship to sea-level changes: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 116, p. 189-245.Google Scholar
  88. Odin, G. S., and Matter, A., 1981, De glauconiarum origine: Sedimentology, v. 28, p. 611-641.Google Scholar
  89. Odin, g. s., knox, r. w. o’b, gygi, r. a., and Guerrak, s., 1988, Green marine clays from the oolitic ironstone facies: habit, mineralogy, environment: Developments in Sedimentology, v. 45, p. 29-52.Google Scholar
  90. Ogden, j. c., 1977, Carbonate-sediment production by parrot fish and sea urchins on Caribbean Reefs. In: Frost, s. h., weiss, m. p., and saunders, j. b. (ed.), Reefs and related carbonate-ecology and sedimentology: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Studies in Geology, v. 4, p. 281-288.Google Scholar
  91. Perrier, r., and Quiblier, J., 1974, Thickness changes in sedimentary layers during compaction history; methods for quantitative evaluation: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 58, no. 3, p. 507-520.Google Scholar
  92. Pfrunder, v. r., and Wickert, h., 1970, Einige Versuche über den Einfluss der chemischen Zusammensetzung und der Mahlung auf die Sinterung von Zement-Rohmehlen: Zement-Kalk-Gips, v. 23, no. 4, p. 147-152.Google Scholar
  93. Pittet, b., and Strasser, a., 1998, Depositional sequences in deep-shelf environments formed through carbonate-mud import from the shallow platform (Late Oxfordian, German Swabian Alb and eastern Swiss Jura): Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 91, no. 1, p. 149-169.Google Scholar
  94. Porrenga, d. H., 1967, Glauconite and chamosite as depth indicators in the marine environment: Marine Geology, v. 5, p. 495-501.Google Scholar
  95. Rais, p. s. c., 2007, Evidence for a major paleoceanographic reorganization during the Late Jurassic; insights from sedimentology and geochemistry: Ph. D. dissertation Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich, 149 p.Google Scholar
  96. Rankey, e. c., and Reeder, s. l., 2009, Holocene ooids of Aitutaki Atoll, Cook Islands, South Pacific: Geology, v. 37, no. 11, p. 971-974.Google Scholar
  97. Richards, f. a., 1957, Oxygen in the ocean. In: Hedgpeth, j. w. (ed.), Treatise on marine ecology and paleoecology, v. 1: Ecology: Geological Society of America Memoir, v. 67, no. 1, p. 185-238.Google Scholar
  98. Saemann, h., 1921, Untersuchung der Fricktaler Eisenerze und ihre Verhüttbarkeit. Ph. D. thesis, University of Zürich, Sauerländer, Aarau, 56 p.Google Scholar
  99. Salvador, A., ed., 1994, International stratigraphic guide, second edition: Geological Society of America, Boulder, 214 p.Google Scholar
  100. Savrda, c. e., bottjer, d. j., and Gorsline, d. s., 1984, Development of a comprehensive oxygen-deficient marine biofacies model: Evidence from Santa Monica, San Pedro, and Santa Barbara Basins, California Continental Borderland: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 86, no. 9, p. 1179-1192.Google Scholar
  101. Savrda, c. e., and Bottjer, d. j., 1986, Trace-fossil model for reconstruction of paleo-oxygenation in bottom waters : Geology, v. 14, p. 3-6.Google Scholar
  102. Schneider, a., 1960, Geologie des Gebietes von Siegfriedblatt Porrentruy (Berner Jura): Beiträge zur Geologischen Karte der Schweiz, Neue Folge, v. 109, p. 1-72.Google Scholar
  103. Scott, G., 1940, Paleoecological factors controlling the distribution and mode of life of Cretaceous ammonoids in the Texas area: Journal of Paleontology, v. 14, no. 4, p. 299-323.Google Scholar
  104. Shinn, e. a., steinen, r. p., lidz, b. h., and Swart, p. k., 1989, Perspectives: Whitings, a sedimentologic dilemma: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 59, no. 1, p. 147-161.Google Scholar
  105. Stäuble, A. J., 1959, Zur Stratigraphie des Callovian im zentralen Schweizer Jura: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 52, no. 1, p. 57-176.Google Scholar
  106. Terzaghi, r. d., 1940, Compaction of lime mud as a cause of secondary structure: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 10, no. 2, p. 78-90.Google Scholar
  107. Tintant, h., gygi, r. a., and Marchand, d., 2002, Les nautilidés du Jurassique supérieur de Suisse septentrionale: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 95, p. 429-450.Google Scholar
  108. Trümpy, r., 1959, Hypothesen über die Ausbildung von Trias, Lias und Dogger im Untergrund des schweizerischen Molassebeckens: Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, v. 52, no. 2, p. 435-448.Google Scholar
  109. Walker, r. g., and Plint, a. g., 1992, Wave and storm-dominated shallow marine systems. In: Walker, r. g., and James, n. p., ed., Facies models, response to sea level change: GEO text, v. 1, Geological Association of Canada.Google Scholar
  110. Young, t. p., 1989, Phanerozoic ironstones: an introduction and review: In: Young, t. p., and Gordon taylor, w. e., ed., Phanerozoic ironstones: Geological Society of London, Special Publication no. 46, p. ix-xxv.Google Scholar
  111. Zeiss, a., 1955, Zur Stratigraphie des Callovien und Unter-Oxfordien bei Blumberg (Südbaden): Jahreshefte des geologischen Landesamtes Baden-Württemberg, v. 1, p. 239-266.Google Scholar
  112. Ziegler, B., 1963, Ammoniten als Faziesfossilien: Paläontologische Zeitschrift, v. 31, p. 96-102.Google Scholar
  113. Ziegler, B., 1967, Ammoniten-Ökologie am Beispiel des Oberjura: Geologische Rundschau, v. 56, no. 2, p. 439-464.Google Scholar
  114. Ziegler, P. A., 1956, Zur Stratigraphie des Séquanien im zentralen Schweizer Jura. Mit einem Beitrag von E. Gasche: Beiträge zur geologischen Karte der Schweiz, Neue Folge, v. 102, p. 37-101.Google Scholar
  115. Ziegler, p. A., 1988, Evolution of the Arctic-North Atlantic and the Western Tethys: Memoirs of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, v. 43, p. 1-198.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhart A. Gygi
    • 1
  1. 1.ZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations